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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (41):
0

What does salutary neglect mean?

Not strictly enforcing most laws

1

Why did England place a number of taxes (acts) against the colonists?

To pay off war debt

2

What is smuggling?

It's importing and exporting without paying taxes

3

What was George Greenville's first action in the colonies? (To combat what?)

He wants to fight smuggling

4

What are the writs of assistance?

Documents that permitted searches by custom officers looking for smuggled goods

5

How was the Sugar Act supposed to stop smuggling?

It lowered the tax on molasses to try and convince people to stop smuggling.

6

What was the problem for the colonists with the Sugar Act? (What British law was contradicted?)

British officers were allowed to seize goods from smugglers without going to court.

7

What was the Stamp Act?

Placed a tax on almost all printed material in the colonies.

8

Who persuaded the House of Burgesses to take action against the Stamp Act?

Patrick Henry

9

What was the name of the settlement created between the Holston and the Nolichucky Rivers by regulators that lost at the Battle of Alamance?

The Watauga Settlement

10

Who owned the ship Liberty?

John Hancock

11

What event did the Colonists use as an example of propaganda?

The Boston Masacre

12

What is information designed to influence opinion?

Propaganda

13

How many people were killed at the Boston Masacre?

5 people

14

What Acts were repelled due to the Boston Masacre?

The Townshed Act

15

What occurs when only one company controls a product?

Monopoly

16

What event was a response to the Tea Act of 1773?

The Boston Tea Party

17

During the time of the Boston Tea Party most colonists considered themselves to be part of what empire?

The British Empire

18

As a punishment for the Boston Tea Party, what did King George III impose upon Massachusetts?

Coercive Acts

19

What were these acts called by the colonists?

The Intolerable Acts

20

Were the Coercive Acts successful in isolating Boston?

They were harsh laws intended to punish Massachusetts citizens...NO

21

What was the name of the best militias in Masschuttes?'

Minutemen

22

What was Paul Revere famous for shouting ?

The Regulars Are Out

23

What battle featured the "shot heard around the world "

The Battle of Lexington

24

Who was under command of the colonial troops at Bunker Hiil?

William Prescott

25

What is William Prescott's famous quote from this battle?

"Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes"

26

What did the British find out after the Battle of Bunker Hill?

That defeating the British won't be quick or easy

27

Who were the people who considered the unfair taxes upon the colonies not good reasons to rebel?

Loyalists

28

Who were determined to fight the British until independence is gained?

Patriots

29

Who headed up the first post office in America?

Benjamin Franklin

30

What was created by the Second Continental Congress to better organize military efforts?

Declaration of Independence

31

What expressed the colonists desire for peace?

The Olive Branch Petition

32

What pamphlet did Thomas Paine write?

Common Sense

33

What does Paine believe the colonists should be refuge from?

Tyrants and persecution

34

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence

Thomas Jefferson

35

What day was the Declaration Of Independence accepted/approved?

July 4th, 1776

36

What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?

To explain why the colonies chose to form a new nation

37

Who was the first person to sign the Declaration Of Independence

John Hancock

38

What is the introduction of the Declaration of Independence called?

The Preamble

39

Did the Declaration of Independence explain why the colonies chose to form a new nation?

YES

40

What was rung on July 8, 1774 at the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence?

The Liberty Bell