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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (68):
1

The first generation of Olympians are all offspring of...

Cronus and Rhea

2

1st generation of olympians - first 6

1. Zeus/ Jupiter
2. Hera/ Juno
3. Poseidon /Neptune
4. Hades/ Pluto
5. Hestia / Vesta
6. Demeter/ Ceres

3

Who is Hestia normally replaced by?

Dionysus

4

Why isn't Hades not typically included in the canonical 12 deities?

He's always in the underworld.

5

2nd Generation of olympians

Aphrodite (sort of)
Hephaestus
Ares
Apollo
Artemis
Athena
Hermes
Dionysus

6

What is Hestia's origins? according to the slide

- Most likely the unmarried virgin sister of Zeus

7

What's Hestia's genealogy?

- Eldest daughter of Cronus and Rhea

8

What is Hestia's divine power/function?

She is the goddess of HEARTH and FIRE
- PUBLIC AND PRIVACY
- CHASTITY

9

Goddess of Vesta

Hestia

10

Who is the youngest child of Cronus and Rhea?

Zeus

11

Zeus is the father of ....

Gods and Men

12

What are Zeus's origins?

Indo - European sky god / weather god

13

What does the roman word "Jupiter" mean?

Father Sky

14

What are Zeus's divine functions/ powers?

- Weather/ storm
- god of oaths
- god of guests/strangers
- god of suppliants

15

What does the greek word "Xenos" mean?

Stranger/ Guest/ Host

16

What does the greek word "xenia" mean?

relationship between guest and host

17

Zeus is often depicted with a lightning bolt and what else...?

Aegis = Goat skin

18

When the aegis is worn by Athena, what is this a symbol of?

A symbol of storm

19

Where was the primary cult centre of Zeus (discussed in class)

DODONA

20

Who was at Dodona and how did they communicate with Zeus?

Oracle of Zeus
- communicated through rustling of leaves and sacrifices, cooing of doves

21

The temple at Olympia (north west of peloponessus) was associated with which deity god?

HERA
- older than temple of Zeus

22

Where is the temple of Zeus?

Olympia

23

When were the olympic games found and who founded them?

776 BC and they were founded by Heracles (son of Zeus)

24

Hera is the queen of...

queen of heaven

25

True or false: Hera's origins were MOST LIKELY indo european

FALSE

26

Possible greek word related to hera.. means....

LADY

27

What are Her'as divine functions and powers?

- wife of zeus
- goddess of marraige
- goddess of childbirth

28

What does the term HIEROS GAMOS mean?

HOLY MATRIMONY

29

What are epithets of Hera?

Ox- eyed (relates to fertility)
Argive (relates to argos)

30

When Hera is depicted, what is she typically wearing?

POLOS

31

What is a POLOS (hera wears this)

a "pill box" hat

32

What is Hera's symbollic bird?

the peacock

33

Who is Hera's messenger?

Iris the goddess of rainbows lol

34

Who are the direct children of Zeus and Hera?

Eileithyia
Hebe
Hephaestus
Ares

35

Who is Eileithyia? What is she patron deity of and who is she the doublet of?

Daughter of Zeus and Hera
- Goddess of Childbirth
- Doublet of Hera

36

Who is Hebe? What does she symbolize? and what does she do on mount olympus?
who does she later marry?

Daughter of Zeus and Hera
- she symbolizes youth
- she is the cupbearer of Gods on mt. olympus
- She marries Heracles

37

Who replaced Hebes as the cup bearer to the gods?

Ganymede

38

What does the tale of Ganymede and Zeus represent?

Homosexuality

39

2 conflicting tales of Hephaestus' genealogy?

1. Hesiod thinks that Hephaestus was born form Hera alone
2. Homer thinks Child of Zeus and Hera

40

What is Hephaestus the god of?

Smiths

41

What are some reasons that Hephaestus might have non-greek origins?

- origins are Island of Lemnos (they don't speak greek)
- possibly a fire spirit
- after hephaestus fell from olympus he landed in LEMNOS

42

what are epithets of Hephaestus?

Master Craftsman
Strong Armed
Bent Legged

43

What are the two times Hephaestus was tossed from Olympus?

Once at birth because Hera was grossed out by his lameness
and once when he took mom's side during an argument

44

Whome did Hephaestus learn his skills rom?

Thetis and Nereids when he was first tossed out of olympus

45

what's the myth of "Hephaestus's revenge"?

He had revenge on hera for tossing him out by making a golden throne
- hera could not escape
- dionysius gets him drunk and has him free hera

46

Who is hephaestus married to?

Aphrodite

47

Who does Aphrodite cheat with on Hephaestus?

Ares/ Vulcan

48

Who is the bastard child of Aphrodite and Ares?

CUPID

49

What Ares' historical origins?

- Associated with Thrace

50

Due to his association with Thrace, what is Ares' epithet?

Thracian
- Thrace (northern greece) = barbarians

51

What are Ares' divine functions?

WAR AND VIOLENCE

52

Ares is the personification of...

Blood lust

53

Who contrasts Ares?

Athena = strategy
Ares = blood lust

54

Historical approach to why there are so many affairs in greek mythology

- that time was a time of monogamy and the patriarchy

55

Affair: Zeus and Metis

- Metis swallowed by zeus after affair to hide affair
- Metis gave birth to Athena out of Zeus's skull

56

What does Metis represent?

Cleverness

57

Affar: Zeus and Mnemosyne

- gave birth to the 9 muses
- goddesses of literature and arts

58

What does Mnemosyne represent?

Memory

59

Affair: Zeus and Themis

- created the 3 FATES
- created the 3 HOURS

60

What does Themis represent?

Law

61

Who were the 3 Fates?

-Clotho (spinner)
- Lachesis (apportioner)
- Atropos (inflexible)

62

Who was Clotho?

- one of the fates
she's spins the thread

63

Who was Lachesis?

- apportioner - she measures the thread

64

Who was Atropos?

- the inflexible - she cuts the thread

65

Who were the 3 hours?

- Eunomia (Good order)
- Dike (justice)
- Erene (peace)

66

Affair: Zeus and Eurynome

produced the 3 graces

67

what does eurynome represent?

Wide dominion

68

Who were the 3 graces?

- feminine charms that were associated with aphrodite