Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (68):
The first generation of Olympians are all offspring of...
Cronus and Rhea
1st generation of olympians - first 6
1. Zeus/ Jupiter
2. Hera/ Juno
3. Poseidon /Neptune
4. Hades/ Pluto
5. Hestia / Vesta
6. Demeter/ Ceres
Who is Hestia normally replaced by?
Why isn't Hades not typically included in the canonical 12 deities?
He's always in the underworld.
2nd Generation of olympians
Aphrodite (sort of)
What is Hestia's origins? according to the slide
- Most likely the unmarried virgin sister of Zeus
What's Hestia's genealogy?
- Eldest daughter of Cronus and Rhea
What is Hestia's divine power/function?
She is the goddess of HEARTH and FIRE
- PUBLIC AND PRIVACY
Goddess of Vesta
Who is the youngest child of Cronus and Rhea?
Zeus is the father of ....
Gods and Men
What are Zeus's origins?
Indo - European sky god / weather god
What does the roman word "Jupiter" mean?
What are Zeus's divine functions/ powers?
- Weather/ storm
- god of oaths
- god of guests/strangers
- god of suppliants
What does the greek word "Xenos" mean?
Stranger/ Guest/ Host
What does the greek word "xenia" mean?
relationship between guest and host
Zeus is often depicted with a lightning bolt and what else...?
Aegis = Goat skin
When the aegis is worn by Athena, what is this a symbol of?
A symbol of storm
Where was the primary cult centre of Zeus (discussed in class)
Who was at Dodona and how did they communicate with Zeus?
Oracle of Zeus
- communicated through rustling of leaves and sacrifices, cooing of doves
The temple at Olympia (north west of peloponessus) was associated with which deity god?
- older than temple of Zeus
Where is the temple of Zeus?
When were the olympic games found and who founded them?
776 BC and they were founded by Heracles (son of Zeus)
Hera is the queen of...
queen of heaven
True or false: Hera's origins were MOST LIKELY indo european
Possible greek word related to hera.. means....
What are Her'as divine functions and powers?
- wife of zeus
- goddess of marraige
- goddess of childbirth
What does the term HIEROS GAMOS mean?
What are epithets of Hera?
Ox- eyed (relates to fertility)
Argive (relates to argos)
When Hera is depicted, what is she typically wearing?
What is a POLOS (hera wears this)
a "pill box" hat
What is Hera's symbollic bird?
Who is Hera's messenger?
Iris the goddess of rainbows lol
Who are the direct children of Zeus and Hera?
Who is Eileithyia? What is she patron deity of and who is she the doublet of?
Daughter of Zeus and Hera
- Goddess of Childbirth
- Doublet of Hera
Who is Hebe? What does she symbolize? and what does she do on mount olympus?
who does she later marry?
Daughter of Zeus and Hera
- she symbolizes youth
- she is the cupbearer of Gods on mt. olympus
- She marries Heracles
Who replaced Hebes as the cup bearer to the gods?
What does the tale of Ganymede and Zeus represent?
2 conflicting tales of Hephaestus' genealogy?
1. Hesiod thinks that Hephaestus was born form Hera alone
2. Homer thinks Child of Zeus and Hera
What is Hephaestus the god of?
What are some reasons that Hephaestus might have non-greek origins?
- origins are Island of Lemnos (they don't speak greek)
- possibly a fire spirit
- after hephaestus fell from olympus he landed in LEMNOS
what are epithets of Hephaestus?
What are the two times Hephaestus was tossed from Olympus?
Once at birth because Hera was grossed out by his lameness
and once when he took mom's side during an argument
Whome did Hephaestus learn his skills rom?
Thetis and Nereids when he was first tossed out of olympus
what's the myth of "Hephaestus's revenge"?
He had revenge on hera for tossing him out by making a golden throne
- hera could not escape
- dionysius gets him drunk and has him free hera
Who is hephaestus married to?
Who does Aphrodite cheat with on Hephaestus?
Who is the bastard child of Aphrodite and Ares?
What Ares' historical origins?
- Associated with Thrace
Due to his association with Thrace, what is Ares' epithet?
- Thrace (northern greece) = barbarians
What are Ares' divine functions?
WAR AND VIOLENCE
Ares is the personification of...
Who contrasts Ares?
Athena = strategy
Ares = blood lust
Historical approach to why there are so many affairs in greek mythology
- that time was a time of monogamy and the patriarchy
Affair: Zeus and Metis
- Metis swallowed by zeus after affair to hide affair
- Metis gave birth to Athena out of Zeus's skull
What does Metis represent?
Affar: Zeus and Mnemosyne
- gave birth to the 9 muses
- goddesses of literature and arts
What does Mnemosyne represent?
Affair: Zeus and Themis
- created the 3 FATES
- created the 3 HOURS
What does Themis represent?
Who were the 3 Fates?
- Lachesis (apportioner)
- Atropos (inflexible)
Who was Clotho?
- one of the fates
she's spins the thread
Who was Lachesis?
- apportioner - she measures the thread
Who was Atropos?
- the inflexible - she cuts the thread
Who were the 3 hours?
- Eunomia (Good order)
- Dike (justice)
- Erene (peace)
Affair: Zeus and Eurynome
produced the 3 graces
what does eurynome represent?