Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (37):
1

cardi/o-

heart

2

-logy

the study of

3

vascul/o-

blood vessels

4

my/o-

muscle

5

-um

structure

6

-ature

system

7

-gram

a picture

8

-ion

action

9

contrict/o-

drawn together

10

arteri/o-

artery

11

vosoconstriction

artery decreases in size

12

ven/o-

vein

13

-ule

small thing

14

CHF

congestive heart failure

15

infarct/o-

area of dead tisue

16

endocarditis

inflammation/bacterial infection of the endocardium and the values

17

cardiac arrhythmias

any type of irregularity in the rate or rhythm of the heart

18

ventricular fibrillation

in fibrillation, the heart muscle twitches as parts of it contract independently but ineffectively

19

AED

Automatic External Defibulator

20

Aneurysm

weak spot in the artery wall

21

Arteriosclerosis

hardened artery

22

scler/o-

hard

23

arteri/o-

artery

24

Atherosclerosis

plague on the arterial walls

25

ather/o-

soft fatty

26

Hyperlipidemia

elevated cholesterol level

27

hyper

above

28

lipid/o-

lipid

29

-emia

condition of the blood

30

varicose veins

damaged or incompetent valves

31

Telemetry

measures heart rate and rhythm in hospital by wearing electrodes that transmit an EKG tracing to a central monitoring station

32

tele/o-

distance

33

angi/o-

blood vessel

34

-plasty

to repair

35

vital signs

in a physical assessment/examination vital signs are taken to measure temperature, pulse, blood pressure and respirations

36

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

37

CABG def

procedure to bypass an occluded coronary artery restore blood flow to the myocardium. A blood vessel from somewhere else is used as the bypass graft