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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (41):
1

Why did England place a number of taxes (acts) against the colonists?

To pay for the French and Indian War

2

What is importing or exporting without paying proper taxes on goods? (Also GB’s top priority in the colonies at this time)

Smuggling

3

How was the Sugar Act supposed to stop smuggling?

Lowered the taxes on molasses

4

What was the problem for the colonists with the Sugar Act? (What British law was contradicted?)

The British officers were allowed to seize goods from smugglers without going to court, Innocent until proven guilty

5

What was the Stamp Act?

Placed a tax on almost all printed material in the colonies

6

What does salutary neglect mean?

Not strictly enforcing most laws

7

Who persuaded the House of Burgesses to take action against the Stamp Act?

Patrick Henry

8

What was the purpose of the Sons of Liberty?

It was a secret society formed to protest the rights of the colonist

9

Who was the founder of the Sons of Liberty?

Samuel Adams

10

What was important about the Declaratory Act?

It stated that England had the right to tax the colonies in all cases

11

What was important about the Townshend Acts?

Taxed imported goods before they arrived in the colonies

12

Who owned the ship Liberty?

John Hancock

13

What was required of colonial citizens when the Quartering Act was passed?

To house the Britsh soldiers in barracks provied by the colonies

14

What event did the Colonists use as an example of propaganda?

The Boston Massacre

15

How many people were killed at the Boston Massacre?

Five

16

What Acts were repealed due to the Boston Massacre?

The townshend Acts

17

What occurs when only one company controls a product?

Monopoly

18

What event was a response to the Tea Act of 1773?

The Boston Tea Party

19

During the time of the Boston Tea Party most colonists considered themselves to be part of what empire?

British Empire

20

As a punishment for the Boston Tea Party, what did King George III impose upon Massachusetts?

Intolerable Acts

21

Were the Coercive Acts successful in isolating Boston?

No

22

What is the name of the best militias in Massachusetts?

Minutemen

23

What did Paul Revere shout to warn the colonists of an impending attack?

"The Regulars are coming out!"

24

What battle featured the “shot heard ‘round the world”?

The Battle of Bunker Hill

25

Who was under command of the colonial troops at Bunker Hill and what was his famous quote?

General Prescott, "Dont fire until you see the whites of their eyes"

26

What did the British find out after the Battle of Bunker Hill?

That it wouldnt be easy or quick to defeat the Americans

27

Who were people who considered the unfair taxes upon the colonies not good reasons to rebel?

The Loyalist (Tories)

28

Who were determined to fight the British until independence is gained?

Patriots (Rebels)

29

Who headed up the first post office in America?

Benjamin Franklin

30

What was created by the Second Continental Congress to better organize military efforts?

Continental Army

31

What pamphlet did Thomas Paine write?

Common Sense

32

What does Paine believe the colonies should be a refuge from?

Tyrant and persecution

33

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

34

What day was the Declaration of Independence accepted/approved?

July 4,1776

35

What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?

Explain why the colonies choose to form a new nation

36

Who was the first person to sign the Declaration of Independence?

John Hancock

37

What is the introduction of the Declaration of Independence called?

The Preamble

38

Did the Declaration of Independence explain why the colonies chose to form a new nation?

Yes

39

What was rung on July 8, 1776 at the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence?

The Liberty Bell

40

What three things lead to individualism being strong in the colonies?

Made their laws, salary neglect, act of independence

41

What is information designed to influence opinion?

Propaganda