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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (35):
1

accentors

Nonverbal behaviors used to emphasize a verbal message, such as pounding your fist to indicate how serious the topic is

2

adaptors

Nonverbal behaviors that are displayed with-out our conscious awareness, such as rubbing the nose due to nervousness

3

affect displays

When nonverbal behaviors reveal emo-
tions that are behind our own spoken messages or the emotions we feel in response to another’s message

4

ambiguous

Meaning that is unclear and usually caused by multiple meanings,intentionality,or cultural differences

5

artifacts

Objects we surround ourselves with and display to others

6

chronemics

A category of nonverbal communication that includes the study of how we conceptualize, arrange, and use time

7

co-constructed

The messages exchanged in communication are not embedded in the language used but are created by people interacting within a particular context from
within each person’s frame of reference.

8

contradictors

When we say something sarcastically or signal to a listener with paralanguage, facial expressions, or gestures that we mean the opposite of what our words would seem to mean

9

culture bond

How meanings of nonverbal communication are interpreted based on a person’s culture, often resulting in ambiguity

10

dialect

A variation in a spoken language specific to a
particular social or cultural group or geographic
region like the “r” sound in Boston

11

diction

The manner in which each speech sound is uttered producing clearly articulated or slurred sounds

12

display rules

Differences in the extent to which cultures permit the expression of emotions by nonverbal means

13

emblems

Gestures that do not require any verbal message in order to be understood, such as raising the palm of the hand to indicate “stop”

14

eye contact

A meeting of the eyes of two persons, regarded as a meaningful nonverbal form of communication

15

facial expression

The movement or position of the muscles of your face

16

fillers

Words or phrases that are inserted into a sentence usually to replace a natural pause but contribute
nothing to the verbal meaning of the sentence such as “uh”or “you know”

17

gaze

Another word for eye contact which is the way we make visual connection with another through the use of our eyes

18

gestures

Kinesic movements involving the arms and
hands; often referred to as body language

19

haptics

A category of nonverbal communication that
refers to the study of touching behavior

20

illustrators

Behaviors that complement the meaning
intended by a words such as pointing in the correct
direction

21

kinesics

The category of nonverbal communication comprised of body language. Kinesics includes these types of nonverbal communication: eye contact, facialexpressions, posture, gestures, and movement

22

microexpressions

Fleeting movements of the face that may last only a fraction of a second

23

nonverbal communication

Any symbolic behavior,
other than written or spoken language,that is either intentionally or unintentionally sent,and is interpreted as meaningful by the receiver

24

paralanguage

The combination of the aspects of voice
production that accompany spoken language, such as the tone of voice, which may enhance or modify
the meaning of the words uttered. It is the vocal
sounds that accompany words; a type of nonverbal
communication

25

pitch

Part of paralanguage that relates to the relative
highness or lowness of a vocal tone as it occurs on a
musical scale

26

posture

A kinesic cue that includes the position, alignment, and carriage of your body

27

proxemics

The ways that people use social distance in interaction including intimate, personal, social, and public distances

28

rate

Part of paralanguage that relates to the number of
words uttered per minute. Rate is one of the four key attributes of the human voice.

29

regulators

The use of nonverbal behaviors to control
the flow of verbal messages

30

self-monitoring

A mental process used by mindful communicators who are aware of what they are doing verbally and nonverbally as well as how others are responding to them

31

territoriality

The space we claim for ourselves in a given situation

32

vocal disfluencies

Behaviors that interrupt the fluency of the spoken message, such as stammering, false
starts, repetitions of sounds, clearing of the throat, or use of fillers such as “uh”; also known as vocal interferences

33

vocal interferences

Behaviors that interrupt the fluency of the spoken message, such as stammering, false starts, repetitions of sounds, clearing of the throat, or use of fillers such as “uh”; also known as vocal dysfluencies

34

vocal quality

The manner of production of your voice that may be nasal, breathy, strident, or hoarse. Vocal quality is one of the four key attributes of the human
voice.

35

volume

The part of paralanguage that refers to the relative loudness or softness of a speaking voice. Volume is one of the four key attributes of the human voice.