Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (42):
1

Axial skeleton

1 of 2 main sections of the skeleton, including skull through spine

2

Appendicular skeleton

1 of 2 main sections of the skeleton

3

Compact bone

Dense smooth bone

4

Spongy bone

Made of small needlelike pieces of bone, mostly compact bone

5

Long bones

Longer than they are wide

6

Short bones

Cube-shaped, mostly spongy bone

7

Flat bones

Thin, flattened, usually curved, two thin layers of compact bone, with a spongy bone between them

8

Irregular bones

Bones that don't fit into other categories

9

Diaphysis

Shaft of bones

10

Periosteum

Fibrous connective tissue around diaphysis

11

Epiphyseal line

Thin bony tissue

12

Comminuted fracture

Bones break in many fragments

13

Compression fracture

Bone is crushed

14

Depressed fracture

Broken bone is pressed inward

15

Impacted fracture

Broken bone ends are forced into each other

16

Spiral fracture

Ragged break occurs when excessive force is applied

17

Greenstick

Bone doesn't break completely

18

Hematoma

As blood vessels are ruptured, swelling occurs

19

Cranium

Protects brain tissue

20

Occipital bone

Most posterior bone in the cranium

21

Vertebral column

Spine

22

Vertebrae

Parts that make up spine

23

Intervertebral discs

Between thoracic vertebrae and lumbar vertebrae

24

Cervical vertebrae

Top vertebrae

25

Thoracic vertebrae

2nd vertebrae

26

Lumbar vertebrae

3rd vertebrae

27

Sacrum

4th vertebrae, includes 5 fused vertebrae

28

Coccyx

5 and final vertebrae, includes 4 fused vertebrae

29

Sternum

Bone in center of chest

30

Ribs

Surround and protect organs in chest cavity

31

Clavicle

Collarbone

32

Scapulae

Sholder blades

33

Humerus

What the arm is made of

34

Radius

Lateral bone

35

Ulna

Medial bone

36

Capal bones

Arranged in two irregular rows of bones

37

Metacarpals

Palm of the hand

38

Pelvic girdle

Formed by two coxal bones

39

Femur

Thigh bones

40

Tibia

Leg bone

41

Fibula

Lies along side tibia

42

Metatarsals

Toe bones