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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (45):
1

Navigation Act of 1663

European products headed for the colonies must be first shipped to England

2

1773

Molasses act, taxed raw sugar, run, and molasses imported from the non-British West Indies

3

1699

Woolens Act, prohibited all trade of woolen goods between colonies or colonies and a foreign country

4

1732

Hat Act, barred colonial hat makers to export their hats to another country

5

1750

Iron Act, barred the colonists from producing finished products made of iron

6

Board of trade

Powerful 6 man board had the power to annul laws passed by congress and to deal with the colonies

7

Pontiac

Ottawa chief that led a confederation of tribes in a bloody uprising

8

Writs of assistance

Search warrants used to enforce trade laws

9

Parson's cause

Price of tobacco rose, causing the parsons to complain because they wanted they're large salary, house of burgesses declared they could be paid with currency, then the ministers petitioned the king

10

Patrick Henry

Defended the house of burgesses against the parsons

11

George III

Became king in 1760, descendant of the German Hanovarian line, known as farmer George

12

George Grenville

1763 became prime minister, determined to bring the colonies under subjection

13

Proclamation of 1763

Drew a boundary along the Appalachian forbidding settlers to buy land east of the line, and stated that settlers couldn't buy land from Indians

14

Sugar act of 1764

Cut in half the tax on raw sugar, but raised the tax on refined sugar

15

Currency act of 1765

Forbade colonial government to create any more paper money, and stated that debts to English merchants not be paid in colonial currency

16

Stamp act of 1765

Stated the colonists must buy stamps or seals to affix to legal documents and newspapers

17

Quartering act of 1765

Required colonists to house and supply British troops and the colony in which they reside would reimburse them

18

James Otis

Published 'The Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and Proved

19

Sons of Liberty

Society that organized protesting parades, and destroyed stamps

20

October 7, 1765

Stamp act congress convened
October 19 they adopted a resolution in opposition to the British parliament

21

Edmund Burke

Defended the colonists in the British parliament, later known as Britain's greatest statesmen and political thinker

22

Declaratory Act

1766 parliament repealed the stamp act and on the same day passed the declaratory act, stating that the colonies were subordinate to England and that parliament could pass laws that would bind the colonies in all cases

23

Charles Townsend

Chancellor of the Exchequer (treasury)
Imposed taxes on colonial imports
Created the Townsend acts

24

Townsend acts

Imposed taxes on colonial imports, and set up a board of customs in Boston to oversee collections of said taxes

25

John Dickinson

Pennsylvania lawyer that drafted 'Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania to the Inhabitants of the British Colonies'

26

March 5, 1770

Boston massacre

27

Lord north

Became prime minister of England in 1770
Repealed the Townsend acts except for the tax on tea

28

Gaspe incident

British customs schooner ran aground near Providence, Rhode Island and was looted and destroyed by colonists

29

Committees of correspondence

Committee of 21 men that kept neighborhood informed of problems with England
Members included Patrick Henry, Richard Henry lee, and Thomas Jefferson

30

December 16,1773

Boston tea party

31

Navigation Act of 1660

All goods imported or exported to or from the colonies must be carried on ships owned by English citizens

32

1774

Intolerable/coercive acts,
Consists of:
Boston port bill
Administration of justice act
Massachusetts government act
Quartering act
Quebec act

33

Boston port bill

Closed the Boston port until the east India company was reimbursed for the destroyed tea in the Boston tea party (1774)

34

Administration of justice act

Government officials charged of crimes in the colonies would be tried in England. The purpose was to ,ale the British officials bolder in enforcing the law (1774)

35

Massachusetts governmental act

Limited the power of self government in Massachusetts (1774)

36

Quartering act

Provided that British troops be quartered in occupied dwellings (1774)

37

Quebec act

Dictated the definition of Quebec to limit the colonists to how far they could expand (1774)

38

September 5, 1774

First continental congress meets in Philadelphia, every colony except Georgia sent delagates. The congress adopts its 'Declarations and resolves'

39

Minutemen

You seriously don't know this? They trained and gathered supplies throughout the winter of 1774-1775

40

General Thomas gage

Royal governor of Massachusetts, imported bricklayers from Nova Scotia to erect quarters for his troops. Was also the general that led the troops that Paul revere raced on the midnight ride

41

April 19 1775

Morning after the midnight ride, date of the shot heard round the world, began the war for independence/revolutionary war

42

Midnight ride participants

Paul revere
William Dawes
Dr samuel Prescott

43

Ethan Allen

Formed the green mountain boys and captured fort Ticonderoga, then crown point a few days later

44

Battle of bunker hill

Morning of June 16, 1775, General gage, sir William Howe, sir Henry Clinton, and John Burgoyne, commanders of British troops in Boston were surrounded by colonists, fought on breed's hill. Patriots ran out of ammunition, retreated, and the British won the first major battle of the war for independence, by March the patriots took Boston

45

May 10, 1775,

second continental congress convened in Philadelphia, John Hancock was elected president, in June the made provision to raise an army and appointed George Washington as commander in chief