Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (12):
What are the four classes of macromolecules?
Carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids and lipids.
What are the main functions of carbohydrates?
Energy storage and release
Carbohydrates are made up of...
large organic molecules of Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen. It is always a carbonyl and multiple hydroxyls.
A dehydration reaction is...
a synthesis reaction where 1 water is removed for every 2 linked monomers.
A hydrolysis reaction is...
a breakdown reaction where 1 water is added for every 2 separated monomers.
Saturated fats have __ bonds and are ___ at room temperature
trans double ; solid
Unsaturated fats have ____ bonds are ___ at room temperature
cis double ; liquid
Nucleic acids are made up of..
what is the purpose of glycogen
energy storage in muscle and liver
proteins are polymers made up of..
adenine and guanine