Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (12):
1

What are the four classes of macromolecules?

Carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids and lipids.

2

What are the main functions of carbohydrates?

Energy storage and release

3

Carbohydrates are made up of...

large organic molecules of Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen. It is always a carbonyl and multiple hydroxyls.

4

A dehydration reaction is...

a synthesis reaction where 1 water is removed for every 2 linked monomers.

5

A hydrolysis reaction is...

a breakdown reaction where 1 water is added for every 2 separated monomers.

6

Saturated fats have __ bonds and are ___ at room temperature

trans double ; solid

7

Unsaturated fats have ____ bonds are ___ at room temperature

cis double ; liquid

8

Nucleic acids are made up of..

nitrogenous base
pentose sugar
phosphate

9

what is the purpose of glycogen

energy storage in muscle and liver

10

proteins are polymers made up of..

amino acids

11

purines are...

adenine and guanine

12

Peptide backbone | secondary structure is made up of..

Hydrogen bonds, alpha helix and beta pleated sheets