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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (13):
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Belief in the superiority of ones nation or ethnic group

Ethnocentrism

1

The process by which we develop our political attitudes, values, and beliefs.

Political Socialization

2

The study of the characteristics of populations.

Demography

3

A characteristic of individuals that is predictive of political behavior.

Political Predisposition

4

Divisions within society that reinforce one another, making groups more homogeneous or similar.

Reinforcing cleavage

5

Divisions within society that cut across demographic categories to produce groups that are more heterogeneous or different.

Cross- cutting cleavages

6

A notion held by nineteenth century Americans that the US would rule the continent from the Atlantic to the pacific

Manifest destiny

7

A grouping of human beings with distinctive characteristics determined by genetic inheritance.

Race

8

A social division based on national origin, religion, language, and often race.

Ethnicity

9

Conservative Christians who as a group have become more active in politics in the last two decades and were influential in the 2000 and 2004 presidential elections.

Fundamentalists

10

The difference between the political opinions or behavior in men and women.

Gender Gap

11

The total output of all economic activity in the nation, including goods and services.

Gross domestic product
(GDP)

12

A division of population based on occupation, income, and education.

Socioeconomic status
(SES)