Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

Cosmetology > Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (75)
Loading flashcards...
30

Hepatitis A, a bloodborne virus, is marked by an inflammation of the:

A. liver
B. heart
C. kidneys
D. skin

liver

31

Human immunodeficiency virus is the virus that causes:

A. intravenous deficiency syndrome
B. acquired immune deficiency syndrome
C. acquired immunity syndrome
D. acquired pathogenic syndrome

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

32

An organism that lives on another living organism and draws its nourishment from that organism is a:

A. parasite
B. pathogen
C. favus
D. contaminant

parasite

33

If nail implements have not been disinfected properly, the client may contract:

A. nail condition
B. nail enhancements
C. nail designs
D. nail fungus

nail fungus

34

Disease-causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids are:


A. bloodborne pathogens
B. bloodborne capitis
C. bloodborne elements
D. bloodborne scabies

bloodborne pathogens

35

A skin disease caused by an infestation of head lice is:

A. perpendicular
B. scabies
C. pediculosis
D. peroxide

pediculosis

36

The ability of the body to destroy pathogenic bacteria or viruses that have ended the body is:

A. immunity
B. epidemic
C. skin lesion
D. immigration

immunity

37

The type of immunity the body develops after overcoming a disease or through vaccinations is:

A. casual contact
B. acquired immunity
C. acquired contacts
D. an epidemic

acquired immunity

38

The surfaces of tools or objects not completely free from dirt, oils, and microbes are covered with:

A. cholesterol
B. containers
C. immunizations
D. contaminants

contaminants

39

The process of removing pathogens and other substances from tools and surfaces is:

A. decontamination
B. scrubbing
C. washing
D. cleaning

decontamination

40

The three main types of decontamination are:

A. disinfection, washing and autoclave
B. sanitation, disinfection and sterilization
C. sterilization, contaminants and sanitation
D. antiseptic, disinfection and sterilization

sanitation, disinfection, sterilization

41

Decontamination is a process that involves the use of:

A. physical and sensitive means to remove or destroy pathogens
B. sanitation and the use of closed containers
C. physical or chemical means to remove or destroy pathogens
D. antiseptic practices and autoclaves

physical or chemical means to remove or destroy pathogens

42

Estheticians who use needles and probes that lance the skin must use a level of decontamination called:

A. sterilization
B. pre-sterilization
C. phenols and bleach
D. dry heat and sterilization

sterilization

43

In a salon setting, disinfection is extremely effective in controlling:

A. microorganisms on nonliving surfaces
B. wet sanitizers on living surfaces
C. soap and warm water
D. disinfection procedures

microorganisms on non-living surfaces

44

A higher level of decontamination than sanitation is:

A. disinfection
B. pathogenic
C. discarded
D. scrubbing

disinfection

45

An exception to the level of protection that disinfection provides and the possibility of an infection could be present if:

A. the clients skin is broken
B. the client is washed and ready
C. the item is given to the client
D. the client has several services

the clients skin is broken

46

A chemical agent that is used to destroy bacteria and viruses on surfaces is:

A. 10% alcohol
B. disinfectant
C. antiseptic
D. 20% peroxide

disinfectant

47

Disinfectants must have a registration number and be approved by the:

A. EPA
B. occupation protection agency
C. U.S. department of labor
D. food and drug administration

EPA

48

A manufacturer must supply pertinent safety and storage information by providing:

A. material storage sheets
B. occupational safety and health
C. material safety data sheets
D. material forms and invoices

material safety data sheets

49

The agency that enforces safety and health standards in the workplace is:

A. OSHA
B. FDA
C. DOL
D. EPA

OSHA

50

A disinfectant that meets regulatory agency requirements for destroying bacteria, fungi, and viruses is:

A. bacterial, pathogenic, and virucidal
B. bacterial, fungicidal, and virucidal
C. bacterial, solvent and disinfectional
D. HIV, fungicidal, and sporicidal

bacterial, fungicidal and virucidal

51

A disinfectant used in salons should be appropriate and have the correct:

A. efficiency
B. excellency
C. efficacy
D. control measures

Efficacy

52

A salon implement that accidentally comes in contact with blood or body fluids should be cleaned and:

A. completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant
B. washed and rinsed in an EPA-registered tuberculocidalantisepticthat kills HIV and AIDS
C. washed and placed in an EPA-registered antiseptic that kills HIV and AIDS
D. washed and immersed in an EPA -registered solution that kills HIV and AIDS

completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant

53

Any item that cannot be disinfected after use on a client must be:

A. washed
B. recycled
C. reused
D. discarded

discarded

54

Common, very safe, and useful types of disinfectant that contain sophisticated blends that work to disinfect implements in 10 to 15 minutes are:

A. quaternary ammonium compounds
B. quaternary peroxide antiseptics
C. ammonium phenols and bleach
D. 70% isopropyl alcohol

quaternary ammonium compounds

55

Disinfectant with a high pH that can cause skin irritation or burn the skin or eyes are:

A. alcohol and bleach
B. EPA -registered disinfectants
C. alcohol and quats
D. phenolic disinfectants

phenolic disinfectants

56

To be effective in the disinfection of implements, ethyl alcohol must be no less than:

A. 20%
B. 70%
C. 75%
D. 85%

70%

57

A common household product used effectively as a disinfectant is:

A. sodium hypochlorite
B. sodium alcohol
C. formalin
D. sodium hydroxide

sodium hypochlorite

58

When mixing a disinfectant solution, add disinfectant to water and:

A. mix more solution than is necessary
B. mix equal parts of water and disinfectant solution
C. mix according to the manufacturer's exact directions
D. mix in sink areas to avoid spills

mix according to the manufacturer's exact directions

59

To avoid contaminating implements, remove from a disinfectant solution using:

A. tongs, basket or gloves
B. clean hands and fingers
C. bare fingers
D. middle finger and thumb

tongs, basket or gloves