Flashcards in Chapter 5- A State Of Growth Deck (19):
Who was the president of the Great Northern Railroad?
When creating railroads, to what three groups of people did the government distribute land?
Farmers/ranchers, timber companies, railroads
What parts of nature got in the way of building the train tracks?
Deep gullies, raging rivers, thick forests, steep mountains
Which two areas did the Northern Pacific Railroad connect?
The Great Lakes and Puget Sound
Who mainly worked on the railroads?
Laborers from China and Ireland
The Transcontinental connected what two parts of America?
The Atlantic Coast and the Pacific Coast
What did the Transcontinental Railroad bring to Washington?
Why didn’t the Indians like the tracks going across their hunting grounds?
It broke treaty rights.
Why did the government encourage immigrants to come to Washington?
To work on the railroads
Why did the Irish move to America?
The fungus destroyed potatoes in Ireland.
Who were the first immigrants to move to Washington?
Hawaiians, Irish, Chinese, Japanese
Why did so many Scandinavians move to the Puget Sound area?
The climate and terrain of the area reminded them of home.
What are Nativists?
Nativists are white Protestant Americans who do not like seeing so many immigrants come to the country.
What did the Nativists fear the most about immigrants?
The Nativists feared that the immigrants would take their jobs.
What race was the first to be targeted by the Nativists?
What is urbanization and how did it happen in Washington?
Urbanization refers to the transformation of small communities into cities. Cities grew because of the immigrants. The railroads that ended in Washington brought immigrants.
Why did Spokane’s waterfalls help Spokane?
Water power for sawmills and grain mills
Why did Spokane’s population grow tremendously during this time?
Silver was discovered in Idaho, and many settled with their money in Spokane.