an increase in the number of actual muscle fibers
migrate to bone surface and begin remodeling
other name for spongy bone
other name for compact bone
which bone responds more rapidly to stimuli:
which of the following is layer of connective tissue enveloping a single muscle fiber?
which of the following is the first phase of periodization training?
which of the following lever classes has the fulcrum at one end and the effort is applied between the fulcrum and the load?
in a myofibril, in cross section ___ actins can interact with each myosin.
which of the following is an example of a penniform muscle?
which of the following is an example of a hinge joint
atlas and axis
What is the correct formula for calculating target heart rate?
% intensity X heart rate reserve + resting heart rate
which of the following is not a characteristic of using growth hornomone?
induces precursor cells to differentiate
cause secretion of IGF-1
directly stimulates ATP production
stimulates protein synthesis
directly stimulates ATP production
how many amino acids must be found in your diet and cannot be manufactured by your own body?
which of the following is not a byproduct of protein breakdown?
which of the following is not true about isometric exercise?
capable of increasing muscle strength at specific joint angles
no corresponding increase at other joint angles
always produce spikes in systolic blood pressure
could cause life threatening cardiovascular accident
always produces spikes in systolic blood pressure
the threshold stimulus that initiates new bone formation is ______ ________ ________ (MES)
minimal essential strain
Quantity of mineral deposited in a given area of bone.
Bone Mineral Density
hyaline cartilage is found on ___________.
articulating surfaces of bones
fibrous cartilage is tough and found in ___________ and ___________.
intervertebral disks and junctions of tendons.
rate pressure product formula
Heart rate x systolic blood pressure
ventilation equivalent is defined as the ratio of __________.
ratio of air ventilated to oxygen used by the tissues
which of the following muscle fiber types has the GREATEST potential to, when trained in a specific way, CHANGE into a more oxidative aerobic form?
A weightlifter adds 30 minutes of intense stationary bicycle riding every other day to her resistance training program. which of the following describe the GREATEST effect this addition will have on her performance?
power will be compromised
power will be enhanced
aerobic capacity improvements will be compromised
aerobic capacity improvements will be enhanced
power gains will be compromised
A 50 year old female triathlete is concerned about osteoporosis. which of the following exercises is the most beneficial for improving her bone mineral density?
which of the following muscle fiber types are "bypassed" as a result of selective recruitment that allows and olympic weightlifter to generate maximum power during the 1RM snatch?
which of the following are the most effective stimulants of growth hormone production from resistance training workout?
large muscle mass exercises
small muscle mass exercises
high intensity and volume
low intensity and volume
large muscle mass; high intensity and volume
The initial decrease in in muscular strength caused by detraining is due to the undesired changes in which of the following systems?
During a set of resistance training, stroke volume _____ and cardiac output _____.
Cardiac output is increrased during the (eccentric/concentric) phase of an exercise.
Blood pressure is (lower/higher) during the concentric phase.
When is heart rate the highest during resistance training?
immeditately after a set.
Programs using ____ volume and ____ rests have been shown to improve VO2.
mitochondrial density in anaerobic athletes is (high/low)
mitochondrial density is (high/low) in aerobically trained athletes.
Which of the following activities places the LEAST metabolic demand on the phosphagen energy system?
cross country skiing