Chapter 5 - Adaptations to Anaerobic Training Programs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 - Adaptations to Anaerobic Training Programs Deck (37):
230

muscle renegeration

myogenisis

231

hyperplasia

an increase in the number of actual muscle fibers

232

osteoblasts:

migrate to bone surface and begin remodeling

233

trabecular bone

other name for spongy bone

234

cortical bone

other name for compact bone

235

which bone responds more rapidly to stimuli:

trabecular

cortical

trabecular

236

which of the following is layer of connective tissue enveloping a single muscle fiber?

endomysium

perimysium

epimysium

myomysium

endomysium

237

which of the following is the first phase of periodization training?

power

hypertrophy

strength

hypertrophy

238

which of the following lever classes has the fulcrum at one end and the effort is applied between the fulcrum and the load?

I

II

III

IV

class III

239

in a myofibril, in cross section ___ actins can interact with each myosin.

2

3

4

6

6

240

which of the following is an example of a penniform muscle?

transverse abdominis

abductor longus

supraspinatus

peroneus terius

transverse abdominis

241

which of the following is an example of a hinge joint

elbow

shoulder

hip

atlas and axis

elbow

242

What is the correct formula for calculating target heart rate?

% intensity X heart rate reserve + resting heart rate

243

which of the following is not a characteristic of using growth hornomone?

induces precursor cells to differentiate

cause secretion of IGF-1

directly stimulates ATP production

stimulates protein synthesis

directly stimulates ATP production

244

how many amino acids must be found in your diet and cannot be manufactured by your own body?

5

7

9

11

9

245

which of the following is not a byproduct of protein breakdown?

Nitrogen

Hydrogen

Uric Acid

Enzymes

enzymes

246

which of the following is not true about isometric exercise?

capable of increasing muscle strength at specific joint angles

no corresponding increase at other joint angles

always produce spikes in systolic blood pressure

could cause life threatening cardiovascular accident

always produces spikes in systolic blood pressure

247

the threshold stimulus that initiates new bone formation is ______ ________ ________ (MES)

minimal essential strain

248

Quantity of mineral deposited in a given area of bone.

Bone Mineral Density

249

hyaline cartilage is found on ___________.

articulating surfaces of bones

250

fibrous cartilage is tough and found in ___________ and ___________.

intervertebral disks and junctions of tendons.

251

rate pressure product formula

Heart rate x systolic blood pressure

252

ventilation equivalent is defined as the ratio of __________.

ratio of air ventilated to oxygen used by the tissues

253

which of the following muscle fiber types has the GREATEST potential to, when trained in a specific way, CHANGE into a more oxidative aerobic form?

IIa

IIx

IIc

IIx

254

A weightlifter adds 30 minutes of intense stationary bicycle riding every other day to her resistance training program. which of the following describe the GREATEST effect this addition will have on her performance?

power will be compromised

power will be enhanced

aerobic capacity improvements will be compromised

aerobic capacity improvements will be enhanced

power gains will be compromised

255

A 50 year old female triathlete is concerned about osteoporosis. which of the following exercises is the most beneficial for improving her bone mineral density?

front squat

leg extension

bench press

lat pulldown

front squat

256

which of the following muscle fiber types are "bypassed" as a result of selective recruitment that allows and olympic weightlifter to generate maximum power during the 1RM snatch?

I

IIa

IIx

IIc

Type I

257

which of the following are the most effective stimulants of growth hormone production from resistance training workout?

large muscle mass exercises

small muscle mass exercises

high intensity and volume

low intensity and volume

large muscle mass; high intensity and volume

258

The initial decrease in in muscular strength caused by detraining is due to the undesired changes in which of the following systems?

cardiovascular

connective

muscular

nervous

nervous

259


During a set of resistance training,  stroke volume _____ and cardiac output _____.


Increase; increases

260


Cardiac output is increrased during the (eccentric/concentric) phase of an exercise.


eccentric

261


Blood pressure is (lower/higher) during the concentric phase.


higher

262


When is heart rate the highest during resistance training?


immeditately after a set.

263


Programs using ____ volume and ____ rests have been shown to improve VO2.


high; short

264


mitochondrial density in anaerobic athletes is (high/low)


low

265

mitochondrial density is (high/low) in aerobically trained athletes.


high

266

Which of the following activities places the LEAST metabolic demand on the phosphagen energy system?

 

tennis

football

basketball

cross-country skiing

cross country skiing