Chapter 5 - Defense Driving Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 - Defense Driving Deck (17):
1

What are 3 ways to prevent a collision?

Be alert
Be prepared
Act in time

2

What is aggressive driving?

Progression of unlawful driving actions

3

List 5 examples of aggressive driving.

Unexpectedly altering the speed of a vehicle
Making improper and/or erratic traffic lane changes
Disregarding traffic control devices
Failing to yield the right of way
Following another vehicle too closely

4

What are the phone numbers used to report aggressive driving?

(888)SAF-ROAD
#77

5

What is Maggie's Law?

Makes it illegal to knowingly drive a vehicle while impaired by lack of sleep.

6

Define "Highway Hypnosis"

Trance-like state

7

List 4 ways drivers can "communicate" with each other

Turn signals (hand signals)
Catching motorist's eyes
Tap the horn to warn other motorists
Quick flip of the headlights from low to high and back to low

8

Define "Tailgating"

Following too closely behind a vehicle directly in front

9

One car length, about ___ feet from each ___ miles per hour, provides a safe following distance.

20
10

10

Explain the 3-second plus rule

It's to judge distances.
Pick a fixed object, wait until the vehicle in front passes the object then count until you pass the object.
If it's more than 3 seconds your distance is good.
If it's less than 3 seconds you need to increase your distance.

11

What is hydroplaning and why is it dangerous?

Ride up on a film of water starting at about 35mph.
Causes you to lose control of the vehicle.

12

Who is responsible if snow or ice flies from your car and causes damage to another vehicle or property?

It's your responsibility to clean your vehicle properly.

13

List 3 reasons why a vehicle will skid.

Accelerates too quickly
Turns too fast
Brakes improperly

14

In NJ, motorist may use studded snow tires between __________ and _______.

November 15
April 1

15

Motorist should always consider the following factors when driving at night.

Speed
Reaction distance
Braking distance

16

A motorist should look ahead ___ seconds ahead when driving in the city.

12

17

List the 3 steps you should if your vehicle runs off the pavement.

Slow down
Regain control
Turn slowly onto the road