Chapter 5: Development Through The Lifespan Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5: Development Through The Lifespan Deck (64)
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1

Moral Dilemma

A conflict in which you have to choose between two or more actions and have moral reasons for choosing each action

2

Moral Intuition

Ethical intuition is our awareness of value and knowledge of evaluative facts, that form the foundation of ethical knowledge

3

Preconvential Morality

An acceptance of society's convention concerning right and wrong, at this level an individual will obey the rules even when there is no consequence, and to gain rewards

4

Conventional Morality

An acceptance of society's conventions concerning right and wrong, at this level a person will uphold laws and rules to gain social approval and maintain social order

5

Post Conventional Morality

Based on abstract reasoning, and actions that reflect belief in basic rights and self defined ethical principles

6

Teleological Theories

Leave out the dimension of the moral judgement of an action

7

Deontological Theories

Making decisions that deny that consequences are of any concern

8

Psychosocial Task

The crisis in each stage of life that needs resolution

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Search for Identity

The quest to find one's self during adolescence

10

Identity

The sense of who you are as a person

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Social Identity

Who you are when you are with different groups of people

12

Competence

The ability to do a task successfully

13

Inferiority

The condition of being lower in status or quality than someone else

14

Isolation

To remain apart from others

15

Adolescence

The years spent morphing from child to adult, starting with physical beginnings of sexual maturity and ends with the social achievement of independent adult status

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Puberty

The period of sexual maturation, during which a person becomes capable of reproducing (Around 11 for girls, 13 for boys)

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Primary Sex Characteristics

The body structures (ovaries, testes, and external genitalia) that make sexual reproduction possible

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Secondary Sex Characteristics

Non-reproductive sexual characteristics (breasts, hips, voice tone, body hair)

19

Menarche

The first menstrual period

20

Morality

Discerning right from wrong

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Moral Action

Doing, feeling, thinking, and feeling the right thing

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Social Identity

The 'we' aspect of our self-concept; the part of our answer to 'who am I' that comes from group membership

23

Intimay

In Erikson's theory, the ability to form close, loving relationships; a primary development task in late adolescence and early adulthood

24

Emerging Adulthood

For some people in modern cultures, a period from the late teens to mid-twenties, bridging the gap between adolescent dependence and full independence and responsible adulthood

25

Sensorimotor Stage

In Piaget's theory, the stage (from birth to about 2 years of age) during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities

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Object Permanence

The awareness that things continue to exist even when not percieved

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Egocentrism

In Piaget's theory, the preoperational child's difficulty taking another's point of view

28

Preoperational Stage

In Piaget's theory, the stage (from about 2 to 6 or 7 years of age) during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operation of concrete logic

29

Conservation

The principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects

30

Theory of the Mind

People's ideas about their own and other's mental sates- about their feelings, perceptions, thoughts, and the behaviors these might predict