Flashcards in Chapter 5: Health promotion of Preschoolers (3-6 years) Deck (42):
How much weight do preschoolers gain per year?
4.4-6.6 lbs (2-3 kg)
Preschoolers should grown about ____ per year?
How do preschoolers display fine motor skills?
Copying fingers on paper and dressing independently
What are the gross motor skills for a 3 year old (3)?
Jump off bottom step
Stands on one foot for a few seconds
What are the gross motor skills for a 4 year old (2)?
Skips and hops on one foot
Throws ball overHEAD
What are the gross motor skills for a 5 year old (3)?
Walks backward with heel to toe
Throws and catches a ball with ease
Piaget: The pre conceptual phase transitions to the phase of intuitive thought around the age of ___. This phase lasts till ___
What happens in the intuitive phase?
Preschooler moves from egocentric thoughts to SOCIAL AWARNESS and the ability to understand others viewpoints
Preschoolers make judgments on visual appearances. What are the 3 variations this includes?
Thoughts can cause events to occur
Inanimate objects are alive
Focus on one aspect instead of considering the whole
The vocab of preschoolers increases to more than ____ by the end of the 5th year
When do preschoolers speak in sentences of 3-4 words?
At 3-4 years
When do preschoolers speak in sentences of 4-5 words?
What is Erikson's stage for preschoolers?
Initiative vs. Guilt
Preschooler feels goo about themselves with regard to mastering skills that allow independence (dressing, feeding). During stress, insecurity, or illness, preschoolers may regress to previous immature behaviors or develop habits such as ___, ___, ____
By the age of ___, preschoolers begin comparing themselves with peers
Do preschoolers exhibit stranger anxiety? What about seperation anxiety?
No; have less separation anxiety
What can provoke separation anxiety?
Prolonged separation (hospital stays)
Parallel play shifts to ____ play during the preschool years. Play is not highly organized, but cooperation does exist between children. What are example of appropriate activities?
Ex: Playing ball, doing puzzles together, riding tricycles, playing pretend or dress up, role playing, painting, simple sewing, reading books, wading pools, skating, computer programs, electronic games
What vaccines for 4-6 year olds?
What vaccines for 3-6 year olds?
LAIV nasal spray
Preschoolers consume about half the amount of energy that adults do, so _____
Picky eaters are mainly toddler age group, but still lasts till preschool age. At what age are preschoolers more willing to sample different foods?
How many grams of protein/day do preschoolers need?
Toddlers need to avoid saturated fats and transfatty foods. Can preschoolers have them?
Yes, but must be less than 10% of their total caloric intake
& total fat over several days should be 20-30% of total caloric intake
How much sleep do preschoolers need a day?
Do preschoolers still take naps?
Some still require a nap for adequtate sleep
Should preschoolers still be allowed to sleep with parents if they are scared?
Try to avoid this
T/F: Eruption of primary teeth is finalized by the beginning of the preschool years
Can preschoolers brush and floss their own teeth?
Yes, with the supervision and assistance of their parents!!
Should preschoolers be taught stranger danger?
Can preschoolers be left alone in a bathtub?
If a toddler wasn't taught to swim, should we teach them when they are preschool age?
It is recommended that children use an approved car restraint system until they achieve a height of ____
145 cm (4ft, 9 in)
______ safety rules should be taught to preschool age children such as stand back away from the curb when waiting to cross the street, look all ways when crossing street, walk on the left [facing traffic] when there are no sidewalks, at night wear light colored fluorescent clothing
Pedestrian safety rules
A nurse is providing teaching about methods to promote sleep to the parent of a preschool age child. Which of the following statements by the parent indicates an understanding of the teaching?
A. "I will sleep in the bed with my child if she wakes up during the night"
B. "I will let my child stay up an additional 2 hours on weekend nights"
C. "I will let my child watch tv for 30 minutes just before bedtime each night"
D. "I will keep a dim lamp on in my childs room during the night"
A nurse is conducting a well child visit with a child who is scheduled to receive the recommended immunizations for 4-6 year olds. Which of the following immunizations should the nurse administer (select all that apply)?
A, B, C
A nurse is preparing an education program about nutrition for preschool-age children for a group of parents. Which of the following should the nurse include?
A. Saturated fats should equal 20% of total caloric intake
B. Average daily intake should be 1800 calories
C. Finicky eating habits develop around 5 years old
D. Healthy diets include 8 grams of protein each day
A. 10% or less
C. Finicky eating is common in TODDLERS--preschoolers often become willing to try new food at 5 years old
D. 13-19 grams! of protein is needed each day
A nurse is performing a developmental screening on a 3 year old child. Which of the following skills should the child be able to perform?
A. Ride a tricycle
B. Hop on one foot
C. Jump rope
D. Throw a ball over head
B. Hop on one foot- 4 year old!
C. Jump rope- 5 year old!
D. Throw ball overhead- 4 year old!