Chapter 5 - Infection Control: Principles & Practices Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 - Infection Control: Principles & Practices Deck (107):
1

Which type of bacteria can cause strep throat or blood poisoning?
A. Fungi
B. Spirilla
C. Bacilli
D. Streptococci

D. Streptococci

2

Bacteria that grow in pairs and can cause pneumonia are:
A. Diplococci
B. Diphtheria
C. Discarded
D. Toxins

A. Diplococci

3

Lyme disease and syphilis are caused by spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria called:
A. Flagella
B. Strep
C. Spirilla
D. Cocci

C. Spirilla

4

In 2000, a bacteria called Mycobacterium fortuitum caused a client outbreak due to the failure of the practitioner to follow proper disinfection guidelines for:
A. Sharp instruments
B. Whirlpool foot spas
C. Shampoo stations
D. Styling chairs

B. Whirlpool foot spas

5

Bacteria generally consist of an outer cell wall containing a liquid called:
A. Nucleic acid
B. Cytoplasm
C. Protoplasm
D. Protons

C. Protoplasm

6

The process whereby bacteria grow, reproduce and divide into two new cells is:
A. Binary fission
B. Meiosis
C. Photosynthesis
D. Metamorphosis

A. Binary fission

7

The presence of pus is a sign of:
A. Immunity
B. Congestion
C. Bacterial infection
D. Sunburn

C. Bacterial infection

8

A _______ infection appears as a lesion containing pus and is confined to a particular part of the body.
A. Contagious
B. Local
C. Primary
D. Secondary

B. Local

9

Which of the following is a condition caused by an infestation of head lice?
A. Hepatitis
B. Scabies
C. Pediculosis capitis
D. Tinea pedis

C. Pediculosis capitis

10

The ability of the body to destroy and resist infection is called:
A. Immunity
B. Decontamination
C. Stasis
D. Regulation

A. Immunity

11

Disinfectants used in salons must carry a(n) _______ registration number.
A. Food and drug administration (FDA)
B. Occupation protection agency (OPA)
C. U.S. Department of labor (DOL)
D. Environmental protection agency (EPA)

D. Environmental protection agency (EPA

12

Which agency publishes the guidelines known as Universal Precautions?
A. FDA
B. OSHA
C. CDC
D. EPA

B. OSHA

13

A salon implement that accidentally comes in contact with blood or body fluids must be thoroughly cleaned and:
A. Completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant
B. Rinsed in an EPA-registered tuberculocidal antiseptic that kills HIV and HBV
C. Placed in an EPA-registered antiseptic that kills HIV and hepatitis
D. Briefly dipped in an EPA-registered solution that kills HIV and AIDS

A. Completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant

14

Disinfectants with a high pH that can cause skin irritation or burn the skin or eyes are:
A. Alcohol and bleach
B. EPA-registered disinfectants
C. Alcohol and quats
D. Phenolic disinfectants

D. Phenolic disinfectants

15

When washing your hands, you apply soap, lather and scrub your hands and under the free edges of nails with a nail brush for at least:
A. 5 minutes
B. 1 minute
C. 45 seconds
D. 10 seconds

B. 1 minute

16

Antiseptics are effective for:
A. Disinfecting instruments
B. Killing germs on the hands
C. Disinfecting equipment
D. Sterilizing equipment

B. Killing germs on the hands

17

Universal Precautions require employees to assume that human blood and body fluids are infectious for:
A. Bloodborne pathogens
B. Nonpathogenic pathogens
C. Influenza
D. Fungi

A. Bloodborne pathogens

18

Which of the following is not part of your professional responsibilities?
A. Follow state and federal regulations
B. Keep your license current
C. Check for changes to rules
D. Take shortcuts for cleaning

D. Take shortcuts for cleaning

19

When disinfecting a whirlpool foot spa after use by a client, you must circulate the disinfectant for _______ or for the time recommended by the manufacturer.
A. 5 minutes
B. 10 minutes
C. 60 seconds
D. 20 minutes

B. 10 minutes

20

You should clean a whirlpool foot spa and leave disinfectant solution in it overnight:
A. Everyday
B. At least once a month
C. At least once a week
D. Never

C. At least once a week

21

Which form of hepatitis is the most difficult to kill on a surface?
A. Hepatitis A
B. Hepatitis B
C. Hepatitis C
D. Hepatitis D

B. Hepatitis B

22

After cleaning and disinfecting a pipe-less foot spa at the end of the day, how would you dry it?
A. With a clean paper towel
B. With a clean linen towel
C. With a blow dryer
D. Let it air dry

A. With a clean paper towel

23

Accelerated hydrogen peroxide, or AHP, is a recently approved form of disinfectant that only needs to be changed every:
A. 5 days
B. 30 days
C. 7 days
D. 14 days

D. 14 days

24

Mix disinfectants properly by _______.
A. Adding disinfectant to water
B. Adding water to disinfectant
C. Stirring the mixture until foamy
D. Adding hard tap water only to disinfectant

A. Adding disinfectant to water

25

Licensing, enforcement, and your conduct when you are working in the salon are regulated by __________ agencies.
A. Federal
B. State
C. City
D. International

B. State

26

Some ________ disinfectants are harmful to salon tools and equipment.
A. Antifungal
B. Nonporous
C. Hospital
D. Tuberculocidal

D. Tuberculocidal

27

As a cosmetologist, you are _______ to recommend treatment for diseases.
A. Required
B. Not allowed
C. Encouraged
D. Allowed

B. Not allowed

28

Fungal infections are much more common on the ______ than on the hands.
A. Ears
B. Feet
C. Cheeks
D. Knees

B. Feet

29

Cosmetologists are not allowed to trim or cut living skin around:
A. The lunula
B. The nail tip
C. Any part of the nail
D. The nail bed

C. Any part of the nail

30

A surface must be properly cleaned before it can be:
A. Disinfected
B. Painted
C. Redecorated
D. Resurfaced

A. Disinfected

31

Sterilization is the most reliable means of:
A. Infection control
B. Cleaning
C. Decontamination
D. Workplace safety

A. Infection control

32

If the label on a disinfection product includes the word concentrate, it means that the product must be:
A. Used without water
B. Heated during use
C. Diluted before use
D. Heated before use

C. Diluted before use

33

Quat solutions are ______ disinfectants when used properly in the salon.
A. Very effective
B. Somewhat effective
C. Never effective
D. Dangerous

A. Very effective

34

Using _______ bleach can damage metal and plastic.
A. Too little
B. Diluted
C. Any amount
D. Too much

D. Too much

35

Fumigants are ______ in salons because they produce potentially harmful formaldehyde gas.
A. Used carefully
B. No longer used
C. Used after hours
D. Only used sometimes

B. No longer used

36

Never let disinfectants such as phenols and quats come in contact with your:
A. Implements
B. Skin
C. Gloves
D. Clothing

B. Skin

37

Items that are ______ are also considered absorbent.
A. Phenolic
B. Parasitic
C. Pathogenic
D. Porous

D. Porous

38

Salons should keep a ______ that identifies each time a piece of equipment is used, cleaned, disinfected, tested, and maintained.
A. List
B. Diary
C. Logbook
D. Journal

C. Logbook

39

There is no additive, powder or tablet that eliminates the need for you to ______ equipment such as whirlpool spas.
A. Clean and sterilize
B. Clean and disinfect
C. Clean and maintain
D. Clean and immunize

B. Clean and disinfect

40

Not having _______ available poses a health risk to anyone exposed to hazardous materials and violates federal and state regulations.
A. MSDSs
B. MRSAs
C. HRVs
D. CDCs

A. MSDSs

41

Anti microbial and antibacterial soaps are _______ regular soaps or detergents.
A. Slightly more effective
B. No more effective than
C. Just as effective as
D. Slightly less effective than

B. No more effective than

42

Cocci are bacteria that are:
A. Round-shaped
B. Rod-shaped
C. Flat-shaped
D. Spore-shaped

A. Round-shaped

43

The ______ include hand washing, wearing gloves, and properly handling and disposing of items that may have been contaminated by blood or other body fluids.
a. Universal Preconditions
b. Universal Provisions
c. Universal Precautions
d. Universal Preparations

c. Universal Precautions

44

After they have been properly cleaned and disinfected, implements should be stored in a(n) ______ container.
a. permanently sealed
b. disposable
c. clean, uncovered
d. clean, covered

d. clean, covered

45

When cleaning and disinfecting a ______, remove the impeller, footplate and any other removable parts according to the manufacturer's instructions.
a. whirlpool foot spa
b. air-jet basin
c. pipe-less foot spa
d. disinfecting foot spa

c. pipe-less foot spa

46

At the end of the every day, you should properly clean the nonwhirlpool foot basin or tub and then add the appropriate amount of disinfectant and let it soak for:
a. 10 minutes
b. 5 minutes
c. 1 minute
d. 10 seconds

a. 10 minutes

47

Before beginning any service, you should wash your hands using pump soap, water and a:
a. chemical disinfectant
b. clean, disinfected nail brush
c. clean, disinfected sponge
d. chemical exfoliant

b. clean, disinfected nail brush

48

Something caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection is called:
a. infectious
b. contagious
c. diseased
d. fungicidal

a. infectious

49

The one-celled microorganisms having both plant and animal characteristics are called:
a. flagella
b. fungi
c. cocci
d. bacteria

d. bacteria

50

The transmission of blood or body fluids through touching, kissing, coughing, sneezing or talking is known as _______ transmission.
a. sanitary
b. infection
c, sterile
d. direct

d. direct

51

Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with a(n) ________, such as a razor or an environmental surface, is indirect transmission.
a. disinfected contaminated object
b. local contaminated object
c. intermediate contaminated object
d. unidentified flying object

c. intermediate contaminated object

52

Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms are called:
a. tinea
b. toxins
c. bacteria
d. flagella

b. toxins

53

A disease that is spread by contact from one person to another person is a(n):
a. contagious disease
b. infectious disease
c. occupational disease
d. systemic disease

a. contagious disease

54

A disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms that enter the body, and which may or may not be spread from one person to another person is a(n):
a. systemic disease
b. infectious disease
c. occupational disease
d. contagious disease

b. infectious disease

55

The scientific name for plantar warts is:
a. human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
b. human papilloma virus (HPV)
c. acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
d. hepatitis B virus (HBV)

b. human papilloma virus (HPV)

56

Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size us a(n):
a. staphylococci
b. streptococci
c. mycobacterium
d. microorganism

d. microorganism

57

The removal of potentially infectious material on an item's surface and the removal of visible debris or residue is called:
a. disinfection
b. cleaning
c. decontamination
d. sterilization

c. decontamination

58

A(n) _____ disease affects the body as a whole, often due to under-or-over-functioning of internal glands or organs.
a. systemic
b. infectious
c. occupational
d. contagious

a. systemic

59

The determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or tests is a(n):
a. analysis
b. disinfection
c. direct transmission
d. diagnosis

d. diagnosis

60

A(n) _______ is a condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation or infection.
a. allergy
b. inflammation
c. contamination
d. exposure incident

b. inflammation

61

A parasitic disease is caused by:
a. bacteria
b. bacilli
c. parasites
d. cocci

c. parasites

62

A(n) _____ is a submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms and is capable of replication only through taking over the host cell's reproductive function.
a. cocci
b. virus
c. bacterium
d. parasite

b. virus

63

The virus that causes AIDS is:
a. hepatitis B virus (HBV)
b. human papilloma virus (HPV)
c. hepatitis C virus (HCV)
d. human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

d. human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

64

Contact with nonintact, blood, body fluid or other potentially infectious materials that is the result of the performance of an employee's duties is a(n):
a. allergy
b. inflammation
c. contamination
d. exposure incident

d. exposure incident

65

Organisms that grow, feed and find shelter on or in another organism, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism, are:
a. cocci
b. bacilli
c. parasites
d. lawyers

c. parasites

66

The scientific name for barber's itch is:
a. tinea capitis
b. tinea pedis
c. tinea barbae
d. tinea spirilla

c. tinea barbae

67

The presence, or reasonably anticipated presence, of potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues is called:
a. infection
b. contamination
c. inflammation
d. allergy

b. contamination

68

The term ______ describes a ringworm fungus of the foot.
a. tinea capitis
b. tinea spirilla
c. tinea barbae
d. tinea pedis

d. tinea pedis

69

A(n) ________ is produced by organisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites.
a. systemic disease
b. infectious disease
c. pathogenic disease
d. contagious disease

c. pathogenic disease

70

A reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals or other normally harmless substances is a(n):
a. allergy
b. contamination
c. inflammation
d. infection

a. allergy

71

Illnesses resulting from conditions associated with employment are:
a. contagious diseases
b. occupational diseases
c. pathogenic diseases
d. systemic diseases

b. occupational diseases

72

A(n) ______ is an abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organism that makes the body incapable of functioning normally.
a. allergy
b. infection
c. disease
d. contamination

c. disease

73

Sodium hypochlorite is the chemical name for:
A. Phenols
B. Bleach
C. Baking soda
D. Soap

B. Bleach

74

Useful product disposal guidelines and medical and first aid information can be found on a(n):
A. MSDS
B. OSHA
C. HCS
D. EPA

A. MSDS

75

Single-use items that do not have the capacity to be disinfected after each client use must be:
A. Discarded
B. Washed
C. Stored
D. Immersed

A. Discarded

76

Together, the active stage and inactive, or spore-forming, stage of bacteria are referred to as the:
A. Life cycle of bacteria
B. Chemical origin of bacteria
C. Beneficial effects
D. Surrounding environment

A. Life cycle of bacteria

77

When hand washing, it is important to rub hands together for a minimum of how long?
A. 20 seconds
B. 30 seconds
C. 1 minute
D. 2 minutes

A. 20 seconds

78

Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi and viruses (but not spores) on the surfaces are:
A. Antiseptics
B. Disinfectants
C. Sterilizers
D. Sanitizers

B. Disinfectants

79

State regulatory agencies include which of the following?
A. Licensing agencies
B. Boards of cosmetology
C. Health departments
D. All of the above

D. All of the above

80

A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism is:
A. Bacteria
B. Parasite
C. Virus
D. Contaminant

C. Virus

81

Microscopic plant parasites that include molds, mildews and yeasts are:
A. Bloodborne pathogens
B. Fungi
C. Parasites
D. Pathogens

B. Fungi

82

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes:
A. MRSA
B. AIDS
C. Hepatitis
D. HPV

B. AIDS

83

Laws are also called:
A. Regulations
B. Guidelines
C. Statutes
D. Rules

C. Statutes

84

Invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogenic bacteria can result in a(n):
A. Infection
B. Antitoxin
C. Abrasion
D. Inflammation

A. Infection

85

The term describing the effectiveness with which a disinfecting solution kills germs when used according to the label instructions is:
A. Effect
B. Concentration
C. Efficacy
D. Disinfection

C. Efficacy

86

Which fungus affects plants or grows on inanimate objects but does not cause human infections in the salon?
A. Tinea barbae
B. Staph
C. Mildew
D. Tinea pedis

C. Mildew

87

One-celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristics are:
A. Diseases
B. Bacteria
C. Cells
D. Minute

B. Bacteria

88

Universal Precautions for bloodborne pathogens are regulated by:
A. DOL
B. DOE
C. OSHA
D. FDA

C. OSHA

89

The type of bacteria that rarely shows any active motility is:
A. Cocci
B. Pathogenic
C. Spirilla
D. Flagellum

A. Cocci

90

Which of the following is an example of a multi-use item?
A. Wooden sticks
B. Nippers
C. Gauze
D. All of the above

B. Nippers

91

Nonpathogenic bacteria are:
A. Harmful
B. Harmless
C. Disease producing
D. Toxic

B. Harmless

92

The type of immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease or through inoculations is:
A. Natural immunity
B. Natural healing
C. Acquired immunity
D. Acquired resistance

C. Acquired immunity

93

Organisms that grow, feed and find shelter on or in a host organism are called:
A. Fungi
B. Fumigations
C. Parasites
D. Pathogens

C. Parasites

94

A reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals or other normally harmless substances is a(n):
A. Allergy
B. Infection
C. Disease
D. Parasite

A. Allergy

95

Disease-causing microorganisms that are carried in the body by blood or body fluids are called:
A. Positive pathogens
B. Acquired pathogens
C. Inoculations pathogens
D. Bloodborne pathogens

D. Bloodborne pathogens

96

A disease that is transmitted from one person to another is called:
A. Characteristic
B. Communicable
C. Communal
D. Microbial

B. Communicable

97

Inflammation is characterized by which of the following?
A. Swelling
B. Pain
C. Heat
D. All of the above

D. All of the above

98

If an exposure incident should occur, discard all disposable contaminated objects in a:
A. Trash bag
B. Contaminated waste container
C. Paper towel
D. Trash can

B. Contaminated waste container

99

Which term means to remove all visible dirt and debris from tools, implements and equipment by washing with soap and water?
A. Sterilize
B. Disinfect
C. Antiseptic
D. Clean

D. Clean

100

Which of the following is an acceptable way to clean tools or instruments?
A. Using an ultrasonic
B. Using a cleaning solvent
C. Washing with soap and water, then scrubbing with a clean, disinfected nail brush
D. All of the above is correct

D. All of the above is correct

101

A contagious skin disease that is caused by the itch mite is:
A. Scabies
B. Head lice
C. Pediculosis
D. Barber's itch

A. Scabies

102

A safe and useful type of disinfectant, commonly called quats, is:
A. Quarter antiseptic solution
B. Quaternary- based compounds
C. Phenolic quaternary agents
D. Quaternary ammonium compounds

D. Quaternary ammonium compounds

103

A sign of a bacterial infection is the presence of:
A. Lesions
B. Tissue
C. Pus
D. Blood

C. Pus

104

A pimple or an abscess is an example of a:
A. Blood disease
B. General infection
C. Daughter cell
D. Local infection

D. Local infection

105

A disease caused by a bloodborne virus that causes liver damage is:
A. Hepatitis
B. Tuberculosis
C. Pneumonia
D. Blood poisoning

A. Hepatitis

106

Bacteria generally consist of an outer cell wall containing a liquid called:
A. Spore-forming
B. Cilia
C. Protoplasm
D. Photosynthesis

C. Protoplasm

107

Which of the following is a drawback to using phenolic disinfectants?
A. Can cause some metals to rust
B. Can damage plastic and rubber
C. Are known carcinogens
D. All of the above

D. All of the above