Chapter 5 lesson 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 lesson 1 Deck (19):
1

what were some of the animals Charles Darwin saw on his exploration

Giant tortoises and the blue footed booby.

2

what is a naturalist

it is a person who studies the natural world

3

In Decembers 1831 what happened

the British ship HMS Beagle set sail from England on a five year trip around the world.

4

Who was Charles Darwin

he was the naturalist of the Beagle

5

What did Charles Darwin develop

he developed one of the most important scientific theories of all time, the theory of evolution by natural selection

6

Where id the Beagle make the most stops

Along the coast of south Africa

7

after traveling from the coast of south Africa where did the beagle go

to the Galapagos islands

8

what were some of Darwin's important observations

they included the diversity of living things, the remains of ancient organisms and the characteristics of organisms on the Galapagos islands

9

What did Darwin see in Brazil

he saw insects that looked like flowers and ants that marched across the forest floor like huge armies

10

What did Darwin see in Argentina

He saw sloths

11

How many species of organisms have scientists identified on earth

1.7 million

12

What is a species

a group of similar organisms that can mate with each other and produce fertile offspring

13

What is a fossil

it is the preserved remains or traces of an organisims that lived in the past

14

what did some of the fossils Darwin discovered ressemble

sloths

15

when did the beagle reach the Galapagos islands

1835

16

what were some of the animals Darwin discovered on the Galapagos islands

land turtles, giant tortoises and iguanas

17

What birds were on the Galapagos islands

hawks, mockingbirds and finches

18

What was a difference Darwin noticed about the shells of tortoises

some had dome shells while others had saddle shaped shells

19

what is an adaption

it is a trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce