Chapter 5 Respiratory Complementary Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Respiratory Complementary Terms Deck (53):
1

Acapnia

Condition of absence of carbon dioxide

2

Alveolar

Pertaining to the alveolus

3

Anoxia

Condition of absence of oxygen

4

Aphonia

Condition of absence of voice

5

Apnea

Absence of breathing

6

Bronchoalveolar

Pertaining to the bronchi and alveoli

7

Bronchi spasm

Spasmodic contraction of the bronchi

8

Diaphragmatic

Pertaining to the diaphragm

9

Dysphonia

Condition of difficult speaking

10

Dyspnea

Difficult breathing

11

Endotracheal

Pertaining to within the trachea

12

Eupnea

Normal breathing

13

Hypercapnia

Condition of excessive carbon dioxide

14

Hyperpnea

Excessive breathing

15

Hypocapnia

Condition of deficient carbon dioxide

16

Hypopnea

Deficient breathing

17

Hypoxemia

Deficient oxygen in the blood

18

Hypoxia

Condition of deficient oxygen

19

Intrapleural

Pertaining to within the pleura, space between two pleural membranes

20

Laryngeal

Pertaining to the larynx

21

Laryngospasm

Spasmodic contraction of the larynx

22

Mucoid

Resembling mucus

23

Mucous

Pertaining to mucus

24

Nasopharyngeal

Pertaining to the nose and pharynx

25

Orthopnea

Able to breathe easier in an upright, straight position

26

Phrenalgia

Pain in the diaphragm

27

Phrenospasm

Spasm of the diaphragm

28

Pulmonary

Pertaining to the lungs

29

Pulmonologist

Physician who studies and treats diseases of the lung

30

Pulmonology

Study of the lung

31

Radiologist

Physician who specializes in the use of X-rays, ultrasound and magnetic fields in the diagnosis and treatment of disease

32

Radiology

Study of X-rays

33

Rhinorrhea

Discharge from the nose

34

Tachyapnea

Rapid breathing

35

Thoracic

Pertaining to the chest

36

Airway

Passageway by which air enters and leaves the lungs

37

Asphyxia

Deprivation of oxygen for tissue use, suffocation

38

Aspirate

To withdraw or suction fluid, to draw foreign material into the respiratory tract

39

Bronchoconstrictor

Agent causing narrowing of the bronchi

40

Bronchodilator

Agent causing the bronchi to widen

41

Crackles

Discontinuous sounds heard during inspiration that resemble the rustling of cellophane

42

Hyperventilation

Ventilation of the lungs beyond normal body needs

43

Hypoventilation

Ventilation of the lungs that does not fulfill the body's gas exchange needs

44

Mucopurulent

Containing both mucus and pus

45

Mucus

Slimy fluid secreted by the mucous membranes

46

Nebulizer

Device that creates a mist used to deliver medication for respiratory treatment

47

Nosocomial

An infection acquired during hospitalization

48

Paroxysm

Periodic sudden attack

49

Patent

Open, thus allowing passage of air

50

Rhonchi

Low pitched breathing sounds suggesting secretions in the large airways

51

Sputum

Mucous secretions from the lungs, bronchi and trachea expelled through the mouth

52

Stridor

Harsh high pitched breath sound heard on inspiration indicates an acute laryngeal obstruction

53

Ventilator

Mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for breathing

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