Chapter 5 - Sexual Arousal & Response Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 - Sexual Arousal & Response Deck (31):
1

Pheromones

Chemical substances secreted externally by certain animals, which convey information to, or produce specific responses in, other members of the same species.

2

Erogenous Zones

Pares of the body that are especially sensitive to tactile sexual stimulation.

3

Primary Erogenous Zones

Erogenous zones that are particularly sensitive because they are richly endowed with nerve endings.

4

Secondary Erogenous Zones

Erogenous zones that become especially sensitive through experience.

5

Aphrodisiacs

Drugs or other agents that are sexually arousing of that increase sexual desire.

6

Anaphrodisiacs

Drugs or other agents whose effects are antagonistic to sexual arousal or sexual desire.

7

Antiandrogen

A substance that decreases the levels of androgens in the bloodstream.

8

Hormone

A chemical that is secreted directly into the bloodstream by a ductless gland, and which influences the functions of the body and/or behavior.

9

Estrus

A brief period of fertility that corresponds to ovulation.

10

Ovariectomy

Surgical removal of the ovaries.

11

Sexual Response Cycle

Masters and Johnson's model of sexual response, which consists of four phases.

12

Vasocongestion

The swelling of the genital tissues with blood, which causes erection of the penis and engorgement of the area surrounding the vaginal opening.

13

Myotonia

Muscle tension.

14

Excitement Phase

The first phase of the sexual response cycle, which is characterized by erection in the male, vaginal lubrication in the female, and muscle tension and increases in heart rate in both males and females.

15

Sex Flush

A reddish rash that appears on the chest or breasts late in the excitement phase of the sexual response cycle.

16

Plateau Phase

The second phase of sexual response cycle, which is characterized by vasocongestion, muscle tension, heart rate, and blood pressure in preparation for orgasm.

17

Sex Skin

Reddening of the labia minor that occurs during the plateau phase.

18

Orgasmic Phase

The phase of the sexual response cycle that is characterized by a rapid succession of muscular contractions in the genital region of both males and females, and also by ejaculation by the male.

19

Resolution Phase

The fourth phase of the sexual response cycle, during which the body gradually returns to it's pre-aroused state.

20

Refractory Period

A period of time following a response (e.g., orgasm) during which an individual is no longer responsive to stimulation (e.g., sexual stimulation).

21

Multiple Orgasms

One or more additional orgasms following the first, which occur within a short period of time and before the body has returned to a pre-plateau level of arousal.

22

The effects of Spanish Fly are due to ______ in the urinary tract.
a) a burning sensation
b) moisture
c) a burst in cerebral neurons
d) ethanol

a) a burning sensation

23

Alcohol is known to have
a) depressing effects only.
b) stimulation effects only.
c) both stimulating and depressing effects.
d) neither stimulating or depressing effects.

c) both stimulating and depressing effects.

24

Cells in the ______ cortex transmit messages when we experience sexual thoughts and fantasies.
a) reticular
b) avuncular
c) sexual
d) cerebral

d) cerebral

25

When the rear part of a male rat's ______ is stimulated by electricity, that animal runs through it's sexual routine mechanically.
a) thalamus
b) hypothalamus
c) occipital lobe
d) larynx

b) hypothalamus

26

According to Masters and Johnson's, sexual arousal is characterized by vasocongestion and
a) myotonia.
b) blurry vision.
c) cramping.
d. constriction of blood vessels.

a) myotonia.

27

According to Masters and Johnson's, erection and lubrication occur during the ______ phase of the sexual response cycle.
a) orgasmic
b) excitement
c) plateau
d) resolution

b) excitement

28

Men enter a refractory period following the ______ phase of the sexual response cycle.
a) orgasmic
b) excitement
c) plateau
d) resolution

a) orgasmic

29

The hormone _______ activates sex drives of both men and women.
a) oxytocin
b) prolactin
c) progesterone
d) testosterone

d) testosterone

30

Foods such as oysters and bananas have been considered aphrodisiacs because they
a) are chemically similar to compounds secreted by the male genitals.
b) are enjoyed by women.
c) are popular among the upper class.
d) resemble the male genitals.

d) resemble the male genitals.

31

In many animals, the vomeronasal organ detects
a) pheromones.
b) contractions of the orgasmic platform.
c) pituitary secretions.
d) cerebral activity.

a) pheromones.