Chapter 5 Unit 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Unit 1 Deck (21):
1

Why is the health issue an issue for youth:

OBESITY

Causes of obesity in children include unhealthy food choices, lack of physical activity and family eating habits.

Walking school bus- A group of children walking to school with one or more adults. Maintained by the 'national centre for safe routes to school'.

(All governments maintain)

2

Why is the health issue an issue for youth:

MENTAL HEALTH

Youth feeling socially isolated and unable to express their social and personal contributions to society due to technology.

Beyond Blue- Providing 24/7 personal help and raising awareness to eliminate stigma against mental health. Established by Jeff Kennett.

(State government)

3

Why is the health issue an issue for youth:

INJURIES

Youth taking advantage of new experiences like driving and drinking/drugs and being reckless.

TAC (Transport Accident Commission)- Pays benefits to people injured in transports accidents. Also actively campaigns to reduce the incidence of road trauma through accident prevention.

(State Government)

4

Determinants that act as a risk and protective factors for the health issues and why?

OBESITY

Risks:
Physical environment- Access to recreational activities, housing environment and school environment.
Biological Determinant- Body weight, genetics, hormones
Behavioural Determinant- Food intake, physical activity

Protective:
Physical Environment- Housing environment and access to recreational facilities
Biological determinant- Body weight, genetics and hormones
Behavioural Determinant- Food intake, physical activity

5

Determinants that act as a risk and protective factors for the health issues and why?

MENTAL HEALTH

Risks:
Biological Determinant- Genetics, hormones, body weight
Behavioral Determinant- Eating Practices (bad foods, depression)
Physical Environment-School, work, home enviroment
Social Determinant- Family cohesion, life experiences, media

Protective:
Physical Environment- School, work, home
Social Determinant Family cohesion, support, life experiences, social network
Behavioral Determinant- Physical activity, eating practices

6

Determinants that act as a risk and protective factors for the health issues and why?

INJURIES

Risks:
Behavioural Determinant- Participation in Physical activity and substance use
Physical environment- School, work and home enviroment
Social determinant- Peer pressure

Protective:
Social determinant- Access to education and media
Physical enviroment- School, work and home enviroment

7

Australias healthcare system

Provides all australians access to health care at no cost, or at an affordable cost, while also providing the option for individuals to go through a private sector.

8

(Healthcare system)

COMMONWEALTH/FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

-Management and funding of medicare and the medicare benefit scheme
-Management and funding of the Pharmaceutical Benefit Scheme (PBS)
-Regulation and access of private health insurance

9

(Healthcare system)

STATE GOVERNMENT

-Managing public hospital services
-Funding of community health services eg. Maternal and child health services
-Emergency services via hospital emergency departments
-Ambulance services

10

(Healthcare system)

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

-Organisation of local public health programs such as immunisation programs
-Upholding public safety (ensuring roads and public areas are well maintained)
-Providing a safe water supply

11

Medicare

Provides high quality and public healthcare which is both affordable and accessible to all Australians.

-Introduced by the Commonwealth government

12

(Medicare)

How is it funded?

-Largely financed from general taxation revenue, based on a person’s taxable income.
-All Australian’s pay 2.0% of their taxable income (Medicare Levy)
-If you do not take out Private Health Insurance before the age of 30 or earn above a certain income, an additional Medicare Levy Surcharge must be paid on top of the 2% as a way to reduce the demand on the public Medicare system

13

(Medicare)

What does it cover?

-Doctor’s consultation fees
-Many diagnostic tests – x-rays and blood tests
-Most surgical procedures – treating illness

14

(Medicare)

What doesn't it cover?

-Private hospital costs
-Dental examinations and treatments
-Ambulance services

15

Private Healthcare Insurance

-Private health insurance can be taken out to cover a range of healthcare services that are not covered by Medicare.
-Private health insurance helps relieve the pressure on public hospital systems and helps reduce waiting list.
-It is in the government’s best interest for people to take out private health insurance.

16

Private Hospital Cover

Private hospital cover offers patients access to private hospitals and the opportunity to select their own doctor to treat them in hospital.

17

Extras or Ancillary Cover

Ancillary cover covers out-of-hospital services, which are not covered by Medicare; these services may include dentistry and physiotherapy.

18

Pharmaceutical benefits scheme

The Aus. Government provides subsidised (reduced) prescription drugs to ensure that all Australians have affordable and reliable access to a wide range of necessary medicines.

19

(Pharmaceutical benefits scheme)

How does it benefit the public?

-This Benefit Scheme helps Australians to lead longer and healthier lives creating the PBS to grow every year.
-With the use of PBS Australians are able to enjoy access to cost efficient medicines, now and for the future.

20

(Pharmaceutical benefits scheme)

Rights in Accessing Healthcare

-Your treatment and care in a safe environment
-Choose whether you wish to have treatment as a public or private patient
-Infomation about which hospital staff will care for you

21

Pharmaceutical benefits scheme

Responsibilities in accessing healthcare

-Provide accurate as well as complete information
-Ask questions and discuss concerns
-Seek medical help if you need it