Chapter 5 Vocab Flashcards Preview

POLY SCI 201 > Chapter 5 Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Vocab Deck (10):
1

Refers to programs designed to ensure that women, minorities, and other traditionally disadvantaged groups have full and equal opportunities in employment, education, and other areas of life

Affirmative action

2

The right of every person to equal protection under the laws and equal access to society's opportunities and public facilities

Civil rights

3

Discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, ethnicity, and the like that results from social, economic, and cultural biases and conditions

De facto discrimination

4

Discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, ethnicity, and the like that results from a law

De jure discrimination

5

A clause of the 14th amendment that forbids any state to deny equal protection of the laws to any individual within its jurisdiction

Equal-protection clause

6

See: civil rights

Equal rights

7

A test applied by courts to laws that treat individuals unequally. Such a law may be deemed constitutional if its purpose is held to be reasonably related to a legitimate government interest

Reasonable-bias test

8

A test applied by courts to laws that attempt a racial or an ethnic classification. In effect, this eliminates race or ethnicity as legal classification when it places minority-group members at a disadvantage

Strict-scrutiny test

9

Legal classifications, such as race and national origin, that have invidious discrimination as their purpose and therefore are unconstitutional

Suspect classifications

10

Refusing to grant mortgage loans in certain neighborhoods, typically those with large black populations

Redlining