Chapter 5 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Vocabulary Deck (30):
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Articulations

joints

1

Hemopoiesis

the process of blood formation

2

Red Bone marrow

soft connective inside the hard walls of some bones

3

Yellow bone marrow

inactive, fatty form found in adult skeleton

4

Endosteum

a fiberous membrane that libes the medullary cavity

5

medullary cavity

a hollow area inside the diaphysis of a bone

6

diaphysis

a hollow tube made of hard compact bone

7

ephipyses

the ends of the bone

8

Articular cavity

a thin layer of cartilage covering each emphysis

9

periosteum

a strong Fiberous membrane covering a long bone

10

trabeculae

the needlelike threads of spongy bone that surround a network of spaces

11

Osteocytes

the seemingly lifeless matrix of many living bone cells

12

compact bone

the dense and hard outer layer of the bone

13

osteoclasts

bone absorbing cells

14

canaliculi

tiny canals that connect the lacunae with one another and with the central canal in the Havesian system

15

Cartilage

fiberous connective tissue; consisting of firm plastic

16

chondrocytes

cartilage cells

17

osteoblasts

bone forming cells

18

lacunae

the spaces between the layers of the lamillae

19

endochonral ossification

process where bones are formed from cartilage

20

epiphyseal plate

cartilage plate between epiphysis and diaphysis that allows growth

21

sutures

immovable joints

22

fontanels

"soft spots" in infants head

23

thorax

arms; legs

24

olecranon process

large bony process of ulna-tip of elbow

25

olecranon fossa

large depression on posterior of the humerous

26

ligaments

bond or panel connecting two objects white tissue that connects to bone

27

articular cartilage

acts like a rubber heel for bone

28

synovial membrane

lines joints

29

thorax

chest