Chapter 5 vocabulary (full terms) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 vocabulary (full terms) Deck (62):
1

acrochordon

skin tags

2

actinic dermatitis

inflammation of skin caused by exposure to radiant energy

3

anhidrosis

abnormal condition - lack of sweating

4

avulsion

process of forcibly tearing off a part of the body

5

basal cell carcinoma

epithelial malignant tumour of the skin, rarely metastasizes

6

bulla

large blister

7

candidiasis

infection of skin or mucous membrane with any species of candida

8

carbuncle

cluster of boils

9

causalgia

intense burning pain

10

cellulitis

inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue

11

cicatrix

scar left after healing of a wound

12

comedo

blackhead

13

debridement (remember, french pronunciation)

removal of foreign material or damaged/dead tissue from a wound

14

decubitus ulcer

bedsore, pressure ulcer

15

dehiscence

bursting open of surgical wound

16

dermatome

surgical instrument used to cut skin for grafting

17

dermomycosis

skin condition caused by fungus

18

ecchymosis

abnormal condition; blood seeps into skin causing discolourations

19

erythema

redness of skin

20

erythroderma

abnormal redness of skin occurring over widespread areas of body

21

eschar

slough, scab

22

excoriation

abrasion of epidermis by scratching, trauma, chemicals, burns

23

exudate

production of pus or serum

24

hidradenitis

inflammation of sweat glands

25

hyperhidrosis

abnormal condition of excessive sweating

26

icteric

pertaining to jaundice

27

impetigo

skin infection marked by vesicles or bullae

28

lentigo

flat, brownish spot on skin; freckle

29

leukoderma

localized loss of skin pigmentation

30

leukoplakia

white spots formed on mucous membrane of the tongue or cheek

31

melanocarcinoma

cancerous tumour that has black pigmentation

32

melanoma

cancer that develops in the pigment cells of the skin

33

miliaria

called 'prickly heat', seen in newborns, caused by excessive body heat

34

onychitis

inflammation of the nail

35

onychomycosis

fungal infection of the nail

36

pachyderma

thick skin

37

paronychia

infection of the marginal structures around the nail

38

pediculosis

condition of lice infestation

39

petechiae

small, pinpoint, purple hemorrhagic spots on the skin

40

pruritus

severe itching

41

purpura

purplish discolouration of the skin caused by extravasation of blood into tissues

42

rhytidoplasty

plastic surgery for removal of wrinkles

43

rosacea

chronic disease of the skin on the face; marked by papules, pustules, erythema, telangectasia, and hyperplasia

44

roseola

any rose coloured rash marked by red spots on the skin

45

rubella

systemic disease caused by virus; characterized by rash and fever

46

rubeola

contagious disease; characterized by fever, inflammation of mucous membranes, and rose-coloured spots

47

scleroderma

chronic condition with hardening of skin and other connective tissues

48

seborrhea

excessive flow of oil from sebaceous glands

49

squamous cell carcinoma

malignant tumour of squamous epithelial tissue

50

striae

stretch marks

51

subungual

pertaining to below the nail

52

telangiectasia

a vascular lesion formed by dilatation of a group of small blood vessels, may appear as a birthmark

53

thermanesthesia

inability to distinguish beween sensations of heat and cold

54

tinea

contagious skin diseases; caused by certain fungi, marked by appeared of discoloured scaly patches. Also called ringworm.

55

trichomycosis

fungal condition of hair

56

varicella

chicken pox

57

vitiligo

skin condition; white patches on skin

58

xanthoderma

yellowness of skin

59

xanthoma

literally means yellow tumour

60

xeroderma

dry skin

61

xerosis

abnormal dryness of skin, mucous membranes, conjunctiva

62

Tzanck test

microscopic examination of tissue scraped from pustule

Decks in Medical terminology Class (61):