Chapter 50 Nursing Management: Endocrine Problems VOCAB Flashcards Preview

xxx Term 5: NUR 306 Medical Surgical III > Chapter 50 Nursing Management: Endocrine Problems VOCAB > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 50 Nursing Management: Endocrine Problems VOCAB Deck (19):
1

Acromegaly

a condition caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone characterized by an overgrowth of the bones and soft tissues.

2

Addison's disease

all three classes of adrenal corticosteroids (glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and androgens) are reduced.

3

Cushing syndrome

a condition caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone characterized by an overgrowth of the bones and soft tissues.

4

Diabetes insipidus (DI)

a group of conditions associated with deficient production or secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH), or a decreased renal response to ADH caused by injury of the neurohypophyseal system.

5

Exophthalmos

protrusion of the eyeballs from the orbits caused by increased fat deposits and fluid in the retroorbital tissues.

6

Goiter

enlargement of the thyroid gland that may be associated with hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, or normal thyroid function.

7

Graves' disease

autoimmune disease of unknown etiology characterized by diffuse thyroid enlargement and excessive thyroid hormone secretion

8

Hyperaldosteronism

excessive aldosterone secretion caused by an adenoma of the adrenal zona glomerulosa or bilateral adrenal hyper¬plasia

9

Hyperparathyroidism

a condition involving increased secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in increased serum calcium levels.

10

Hyperthyroidism

a clinical syndrome in which there is a sustained increase in the synthesis and release of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland

11

Hypoparathyroidism

a condition of insufficient secretion of the parathyroid glands.

12

Hypopituitarism

a rare disorder that involves a decrease in one or more of the pituitary hormones and marked by excessive deposits of fat and persistence or acquisition of adolescent characteristics.

13

Hypothyroidism

insufficient circulation of thyroid hormones resulting in a hypometabolic state.

14

Myxedema

the progression of the mental sluggishness, drowsiness, and lethargy of hypothyroidism to a notable impairment of consciousness or coma that is a medical emergency.

15

Pheochromocytoma

a rare condition characterized by a tumor of the adrenal medulla that produces excessive catecholamines causing persistent or intermittent hypertension.

16

Syndrome of Inappropriate Anti-Diuretic Hormone (SIADH)

a condition associated with overproduction or oversecretion of ADH.

17

Thyroid cancer

most common form of an endocrine system cancer

18

Thyroiditis

an inflammatory process in the thyroid gland.

19

Thyrotoxicosis

(also called thyrotoxic crisis) a hypermetabolic state caused by excessive circulating levels of T4, T3, or both.