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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (56)
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1

You arrive at the scene where a patient has a possible fracture of the left hip. You note that she is lying on her back and her left leg is turned inward. You would document this position as:

a. supine with lateral rotation of the left lower extremity.
b. lateral recumbent with dorsal rotation of the left leg.
c. supine with medial rotation of the left lower extremity.
d. supine with left rotation of the right leg.

a. supine with lateral rotation of the left lower extremity.
b. lateral recumbent with dorsal rotation of the left leg.
c. supine with medial rotation of the left lower extremity.
d. supine with left rotation of the right leg.

Answer: c
Objective: 6-3
Reference: 170

2

After you apply and use an AED on patient lying on his back. His pulse returns and he is breathing adequately. What position is he in?

a. Right lateral recumbency
b. Supine
c. Left lateral recumbency
d. Prone position

a. Right lateral recumbency
b. Supine
c. Left lateral recumbency
d. Prone position

Answer: b
Objective: 6-3
Reference: 170–171

3

Which one of the following anatomical statements is true?

a. The hand is proximal to the elbow.
b. The shoulder is distal to the hand.
c. The hip is distal to the knee.
d. The knee is proximal to the ankle.

a. The hand is proximal to the elbow.
b. The shoulder is distal to the hand.
c. The hip is distal to the knee.
d. The knee is proximal to the ankle.

Answer: d
Objective: 6-7
Reference: 169–170

4

Which one of the following descriptions best describes the normal anatomical position?

a. Supine with the arms at the sides and the palms facing downward
b. Standing with the arms down at the sides and the palms facing forward
c. Prone with the arms upward and the palms facing upward
d. Upright and facing away from you, with the arms raised and the legs straight

a. Supine with the arms at the sides and the palms facing downward
b. Standing with the arms down at the sides and the palms facing forward
c. Prone with the arms upward and the palms facing upward
d. Upright and facing away from you, with the arms raised and the legs straight

Answer: b
Objective: 6-3
Reference: 170

5

A new patroller tells you that he injured a tendon above his patella three years ago. You recognize that this injury involves a structure that:

a. connects muscles to the patella.
b. connects the cartilage in the knee.
c. holds and secures the bones of the knee.
d. attaches a ligament to the knee.

a. connects muscles to the patella.
b. connects the cartilage in the knee.
c. holds and secures the bones of the knee.
d. attaches a ligament to the knee.

Answer: a
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 199

6

Involuntary or smooth muscles are found in which of the following structures?

a. Muscles of the arms and legs
b. Blood vessels and intestines
c. The central nervous system
d. The heart and blood vessels

a. Muscles of the arms and legs
b. Blood vessels and intestines
c. The central nervous system
d. The heart and blood vessels

Answer: b
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 199

7

A female patient suffers from a muscular disease and cannot walk. Based on the fact she cannot ambulate, you should recognize that which of the following muscle types is affected?

a. Skeletal muscle
b. Involuntary muscle
c. Cardiac muscle
d. Smooth muscle

a. Skeletal muscle
b. Involuntary muscle
c. Cardiac muscle
d. Smooth muscle

Answer: a
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 199

8

Which of the following groups of bones could be involved in a patient with a “broken leg”?

a. Acetabulum, calcaneous, carpals
b. Femur, tibia, fibula
c. Orbit, maxillae, mandible
d. Radius, ulna, humerus

a. Acetabulum, calcaneous, carpals
b. Femur, tibia, fibula
c. Orbit, maxillae, mandible
d. Radius, ulna, humerus

Answer: b
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 198

9

The lower jaw is also called the:

a. mandible.
b. zygoma.
c. maxilla.
d. mastoid.

a. mandible.
b. zygoma.
c. maxilla.
d. mastoid.

Answer: a
Objective: 6-2
Reference: 198

10

The bones of the upper extremities include the:

a. humerus and radius.
b. humerus and calcaneous.
c. phalanges and tibia.
d. radius, ulna, and tarsals.

a. humerus and radius.
b. humerus and calcaneous.
c. phalanges and tibia.
d. radius, ulna, and tarsals.

Answer: a
Objective: 6-2
Reference: 198

11

In which of the following respiratory structures would a blockage cause total cessation of air flow into and out of the lungs?

a. The right bronchus
b. The nasopharynx
c. The trachea
d. The esophagus

a. The right bronchus
b. The nasopharynx
c. The trachea
d. The esophagus

Answer: c
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 174

12

Which of the following functions is a function of the respiratory system?

a. Transporting oxygen throughout the body
b. Providing nutrients to cells
c. Releasing oxygen from the body
d. Providing the body oxygen

a. Transporting oxygen throughout the body
b. Providing nutrients to cells
c. Releasing oxygen from the body
d. Providing the body oxygen

Answer: d
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 174

13

The structure containing the vocal cords is the:

a. pharynx.
b. larynx.
c. trachea.
d. sternum.

a. pharynx.
b. larynx.
c. trachea.
d. sternum.

Answer: b
Objective: 6-2
Reference: 174

14

The leaf-shaped flap that helps prevent food from entering the lower respiratory system is called:

a. the epiglottis.
b. the trachea.
c. the pharynx.
d. a bronchiole.

a. the epiglottis.
b. the trachea.
c. the pharynx.
d. a bronchiole.

Answer: a
Objective: 6-2
Reference: 174

15

Which one of the following lists represents a correct sequence for the passage of air into the lungs?

a. Nose, bronchi, larynx, trachea, pharynx
b. Larynx, esophagus, trachea, bronchi, alveoli
c. Epiglottis, trachea, cricoid, bronchi, alveoli
d. Mouth, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, alveoli

a. Nose, bronchi, larynx, trachea, pharynx
b. Larynx, esophagus, trachea, bronchi, alveoli
c. Epiglottis, trachea, cricoid, bronchi, alveoli
d. Mouth, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, alveoli

Answer: d
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 174

16

When the diaphragm and intercostal muscles relax, which one of the following occurs?

a. Inhalation
b. Release
c. Inspiration
d. Exhalation

a. Inhalation
b. Release
c. Inspiration
d. Exhalation

Answer: d
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 177

17

Which one of the following events causes an individual to take a breath?

a. The intercostal muscles relax.
b. The chest cavity decreases in size.
c. The diaphragm contracts.
d. Pressure in the chest increases.

a. The intercostal muscles relax.
b. The chest cavity decreases in size.
c. The diaphragm contracts.
d. Pressure in the chest increases.

Answer: c
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 175

18

The primary function of the heart is:

a. transferring oxygen to the cells.
b. pumping blood throughout the body.
c. oxygenating blood in the lungs.
d. maintaining the volume of blood.

a. transferring oxygen to the cells.
b. pumping blood throughout the body.
c. oxygenating blood in the lungs.
d. maintaining the volume of blood.

Answer: b
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 176

19

Which chamber of the heart is responsible for pumping blood to the lungs?

a. The left atrium
b. The left ventricle
c. The right ventricle
d. The right atrium

a. The left atrium
b. The left ventricle
c. The right ventricle
d. The right atrium

Answer: c
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 177

20

The left atrium:

a. receives blood from the veins of the body.
b. receives blood from the pulmonary veins.
c. pumps blood to the lungs.
d. pumps blood to the body.

a. receives blood from the veins of the body.
b. receives blood from the pulmonary veins.
c. pumps blood to the lungs.
d. pumps blood to the body.

Answer: b
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 177

21

Which of the following structures brings oxygen-depleted blood to the right atrium?

a. The right ventricle
b. The pulmonary artery
c. The vena cavae
d. The aorta

a. The right ventricle
b. The pulmonary artery
c. The vena cavae
d. The aorta

Answer: c
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 177

22

Following chemotherapy, a patient has a low white count. For which of the following is he at risk?

a. Infection
b. Bleeding
c. High blood pressure
d. Seizures

a. Infection
b. Bleeding
c. High blood pressure
d. Seizures

Answer: a
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 181

23

The fluid that carries blood cells and nutrients is:

a. platelet fluid.
b. hemoglobin.
c. plasma.
d. lymph.

a. platelet fluid.
b. hemoglobin.
c. plasma.
d. lymph.

Answer: c
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 181

24

The pressure exerted on the inside walls of arteries when the left ventricle contracts is called:

a. systolic pressure.
b. arterial pressure.
c. diastolic pressure.
d. residual pressure.

a. systolic pressure.
b. arterial pressure.
c. diastolic pressure.
d. residual pressure.

Answer: a
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 181

25

The nervous system is subdivided into which two main parts?

a. The brain and spinal cord
b. The involuntary and voluntary muscular systems
c. The brain and extremity nerves
d. The central and peripheral nerves

a. The brain and spinal cord
b. The involuntary and voluntary muscular systems
c. The brain and extremity nerves
d. The central and peripheral nerves

Answer: d
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 183

26

The terms occipital, frontal, and parietal refer to what part of the body?

a. The chest
b. The cranium
c. The pelvis
d. The spine

a. The chest
b. The cranium
c. The pelvis
d. The spine

Answer: b
Objective: 6-2
Reference: 198

27

A patient has suffered damage to his brainstem. As a result of this injury which of the following signs might you expect to see?

a. Sweating
b. Abnormal respirations
c. Pinpoint pupils
d. Muscle spasms

a. Sweating
b. Abnormal respirations
c. Pinpoint pupils
d. Muscle spasms

Answer: b
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 183

28

What body system provides support and structure to the body?

a. The endocrine system
b. The nervous system
c. The skeletal system
d. The exocrine system

a. The endocrine system
b. The nervous system
c. The skeletal system
d. The exocrine system

Answer: c
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 195

29

Which of the following lists identifies the regions of the spinal column from superior to inferior?

a. Cervical, lumbar, thoracic, sacral, and coccyx
b. Coccyx, lumbar, thoracic, cervical, and sacral
c. Thoracic, lumbar, cervical, coccyx, and sacral
d. Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccyx

a. Cervical, lumbar, thoracic, sacral, and coccyx
b. Coccyx, lumbar, thoracic, cervical, and sacral
c. Thoracic, lumbar, cervical, coccyx, and sacral
d. Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccyx

Answer: d
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 198

30

In a healthy heart, the electrical impulse that initiates contraction of the cardiac muscle originates in the:

a. right atrium.
b. left atrium.
c. ventricles.
d. interventricular septum.

a. right atrium.
b. left atrium.
c. ventricles.
d. interventricular septum.

Answer: a
Objective: 6-5
Reference: 177