Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (62):
0

Anorexia

Lack of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat.

1

Appendicitis

Inflammation of the appendix

2

Cachexia

Physical wasting that includes loss of weight and muscle mass and is associated with AIDS and cancer.

3

Cholelithiasis

Presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct.

4

Cirrhosis

Scarring and dysfunction of the liver caused by chronic liver disease

5

Dysphasia

Difficulty in swallowing

6

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus due to a malfunction of the sphincter muscle.

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Hematemesis

Vomiting of blood due to bleeding in the stomach or esophagus.

8

Malabsorption syndrome

An impaired passage of nutrients, minerals, or fluids in the small intestine and the through intestinal villi into the blood or lymph.

9

Melena

Passage of dark colored, tarry stools due to the presence of blood

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Obesity

Excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards.

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Exogenous obesity

Excessive intake of food

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Endogenous obesity

Metabolic or endocrine abnormalities causing them to be overweight

13

Bariatric surgery

Group of procedures that treat morbid obesity, a condition that arises from severe accumulation of excess weight as fatty tissue.

14

Vertical band gastroplasty

Bariatric surgery that involves vertical stapling of the upper stomach near the esophagus to reduce it to a small pouch and insertion of a band that restricts food consumption.

15

Roux en y gastric bypass

Bariatric surgery that involves stapling the stomach to decrease its size and shortening the jejunum and connecting it to the small stomach pouch.

16

Lower gastrointestinal series

Radiographic images of the rectum and colon following administration of barium into the rectum.

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Barium enema

Radio graphic images of the rectum and colon with barium.

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Upper gastrointestinal series.

Radiographer images of the esophagus , stomach, and small intestines following oral administration of barium

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BM

Bowel movement

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BMI

Body mass index

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GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux

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GI

Gastrointestinal

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PUD

Peptic ulcer disease

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R/O

Rule out

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Stat

Immediately

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A.c.

Before meals

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B.i.d

Twice a day

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H.s.

At bedtime

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NPO

Nothing by mouth

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Pc

After meals

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P.o

By mouth

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P.r.n

As required

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Qam

Every morning

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Q.d.

Every day

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Q.h.

Every hour

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Q.2.h

Every 2 hours

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Q.i.d

Four times a day

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Q.o.d

Every other day

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Qpm

Every evening

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T.i.d

Three times a day

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Or/o

Mouth

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Stomat/o

Inflammation of the mouth

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Gloss/o

Tongue

44

Lingu/o

Pertaining to the tongue

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Bucc/o

Cheek

46

Cheil/o

Lip

47

Labi/o

Lip

48

Dent/o

Teeth

49

Odont/o

Teeth

50

Gingiv/o

Gums

51

Sial/o

Saliva, salivary gland

52

Esophag/o

Esophagus

53

-iasis

Abnormal condition

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-orexia

Appetite

55

-pepsia

Digestion

56

-phagia

Swallowing or eating

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-prandial

Meal

58

-rhhea

Discharge, flow

59

Dia-

Through, across

60

Peri-

Around

61

Sub-

Under, below