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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (126):
0

What is the main purpose of Congress?

Make Laws

1

Is Congress Bicameral of Unicameral?

Bicameral

2

What are the two sections of Congress?

1. Senate
2. House

3

How long is a Congressional Term in the House?

2 years

4

The House of Reps is the upper or lower part of Congress?

Lower

5

How many members are in the House?

435

6

What is House membership based on?

Population

7

What is EVERY state guaranteed in the House?

At least 1 member

8

How often can the Census Bureau change the House "rules"?

Every 10 years

9

What is reapportionment?

Readjusting Congressional seats

10

Who decides the number of Congressmen?

Congress

11

Who divides the people for Congress?

The state

12

What Supreme Court case ruled "equal population" in 1964?

Wesberry vs. Sanders

13

What is gerrymandering?

A political party that's in charge of the State Legislature will draw the districts so their political party has the advantage.

14

How many members are up for reelection every two years?

ALL members

15

How many term limits are there?

None

16

What are the qualifications to be a member of the House?

1. 25 years old
2. US citizen for 7 years
3. Resident of the state you represent

17

Who is the Presiding Officer in the House?

The Speaker of the House

18

How is the Speaker chosen?

1. He must be a member of the House
2. He is chosen among the members

19

Who is the current S.o.t.H.?

John Boehner (R) from Ohio

20

What 3 men from TN served as the S.o.t.H.?

1. John Bell (Whig) 1830s
2. James K. Polk (D) 1840s
3. Joseph Burns (D) 1930s

21

What house is the Upper House of Congress?

Senate

22

How many members does every state have?

2, equaling 100 total members

23

How long are the Senate's terms?

6 years

24

How many Senators are up for reelection every 2 years?

1/3

25

What did the -7th amendment say regarding Congress?

Senators are chosen by the people

26

What are the qualifications for Senators?

1. 30 years old
2. US citizen for 10 years
3. Inhabitant of the state they're running for

27

Who is the Presiding Officer of the Senate?

Vice President

28

Who is the Presiding Officer when the VP is not present?

President Pro Tempore

29

The President Pro Tempore is the senior member of what?

The majority party

30

Who is the current President Pro Tempore?

Patrick Leahy (D) from Vermont

31

Who are the 4 men from TN who have served as President Pro Tempore?

1. Joseph Anderson (R) 1880s
2. Hugh Lawson White (Whig) 1830s
3. Isham Harris (D) 1890s
4. Kenneth Mckellar (D) 1930s

32

What are the Congressional Duties?

1. Legislator
2. Committee Member
3. Represent their constituents
4. Servants of their constituents
5. Politicians

33

What do legislators do?

Make laws

34

What do Committee Members do?

Certain committees deal with certain issues

35

By representing their constituents, Congressmen represent what?

The people's needs

36

By being servants of their constituents, Congressmen are what?

There to help the people at home

37

What are the 4 voting options?

1. Trustee
2. Delegate
3. Partisan
4. Politico

38

What is a Trustee Vote?

Voting with your own judgement

39

What is a Delegated Vote?

Voting the way the people want you to vote

40

What is a Partisan Vote?

Voting the way your party votes

41

What is a Politico Vote?

Using all three options

42

What 8 things do Congressmen get as compensation?

1. $174,000 a year
2. Free medical care
3. Free parking in DC
4. Free travel
5. Receive money for an office in their state
6. Retirement/Pension plan
7. Free mailing (franking privilege)
8. Cannot be arrested while Congress is in session

43

What 3 ways can you avoid constituent pressure?

1. Vote both ways on a bill
2. Be absent during the vote
3. Use the different types of voting

44

What are the different types of voting?

1. Voice Vote
2. Division Vote
3. "Passing in front of the Teller"
4. Roll-Call Vote

45

What is patronage?

Efforts to help constituents by personally providing jobs, public works or benefits, as a favor.

46

What is the "Pork Barrel" Legislation?

Bills composed of items of patronage, named and located in specific districts.

47

What is a Private Bill?

Proposal to grant some kind of relief, special privilege or exemption to the person named in the bill.

48

Who is an example of a Private Bill?

Dolly Madison

49

What are the 7 Responsibilities of Congress?

1. Statutes (laws)
2. Oversight of Investigation
3. Oversight of Citizens
4. Advice and Consent
5. Debate
6. Direct Committee Government
7. Legislative Veto

50

What are the 4 Acts for Statutes?

1. Authorization Acts
2. Revenue Acts
3. Appropriation Acts
4. Private Acts

51

What are the Authorization Acts?

Giving the government power to do something

52

What are the Revenue Acts?

Raising money (taxes)

53

What are the Appropriation Acts?

Spending of money

54

What are the Private Acts?

The Private Bills

55

What three things fall under Oversight of Administration?

1. Hearings
2. Investigations
3. Supervision-Lobbyists

56

What are hearings?

An inquiry conducted by Congress to build a record on a specific bill, already introduced.

57

What is an investigation?

Authorization by Congress for a committee to examine a broad area, or problem, rather than a specific bill.

58

What is the most current investigation?

Ebola Virus

59

What are the Supervision-Lobbiests?

People who represent an industry or group who tries to persuade Congressmen.

60

What is an example of a Lobbiest?

National Rifle Association

61

What are the two parts of the Oversight if Citizens?

1. Hearings
2. Investigations

62

What is an example of the Oversight of Citizens and what did that do?

House of UnAmerican Activities Committee- looked for communists in America

63

What must the Senate do under Advice and Consent?

MUST approve ALL presidential appointments and treaties

64

Under Debate, what can any Congressman do?

Have the freedom to debate any issue without fear of being arrested

65

What is the Direct Committee Government?

Practice if delegating certain Congressional powers, from the whole Congress, to one of its committees.

66

What is an example of Direct Committee Government?

NASA

67

What is the Legislative Veto?

A statute permitting the President to propose changes in administrative organization, procedure or regulation, which becomes law if Congress does NOT act within 60 days

68

What is a strict interpretation of the constitution?

Following it exactly- only doing what it says

69

What is a broad interpretation of the constitution?

If it's not forbidden, you can still do it.

70

What are the expressed powers?

Powers specifically stated.

71

What are some examples of expressed powers?

1. Tax
2. Borrow Money
3. Commerce
4. Currency
5. Bankruptcy
6. Foreign Relations Powers
7. War Powers
8. Naturalization
9. Postal Power
10. Copyrights/Patents
11. Weights and Measures
12. Territories and DC
13. Judicial Power

72

What is a tax?

A charge levied by government on people/property to meet public need.

73

What are the two types of taxes?

Direct and Indirect

74

What is a direct tax?

Paid person on whom it's imposed on.

75

What is an indirect tax?

Paid first by the person, then passed to someone else in the form of higher taxes.

76

What does "regulation of commerce" mean?

Regulate the foreign and domestic trading.

77

What does Congress have the power to do with money?

Print it.

78

Under the Foreign Relations, who MUST approve all treaties?

The Senate

79

Under the War Powers, what 2 things can Congress do?

1. Raise an army
2. Declare war

80

What did the War Powers Resolution of 1973 do?

Gave the president the authority to send in the military for 60 days- after that he must have Congress's approval to keep them there

81

What is naturalization?

The process of becoming a US citizen

82

Who has power over the post office, according to the Postal Powers?

Congress

83

Congress must approve all of what in the Judicial Powers?

Federal judges

84

What are implied powers?

Powers that are not specific- very general

85

What is the primary example of implied powers?

The Necessary and Proper (Elastic) Clause

86

What is the Elastic clause?

It allows Congress's power to grow.

87

What are the 6 types of Nonlegislative powers?

1. Constitutional Amendments
2. Electoral Duties
3. Impeachment
4. Executive Powers
5. Investigatory Powers
6. Eminent Domain

88

What are the Electoral Duties?

Congress elects the president and Vice President if the electoral college fails. (House choses president, Senate choses the VP)

89

What is impeachment?

Bringing charges against the president

90

Who brings the charges against the president?

The House

91

Where does the impeachment trial take place?

The Senate

92

What are the executive powers?

Approving treaties/presidential appointments

93

What is Eminent Domain?

When the government takes private property for public use.

94

The committee system has what kind of hierarchy?

Seniority Rule

95

What are The 4 types of Committees?

1. Standing
2. Select
3. Joint
4. Conference

96

What are the Standing Committees?

Committees that are always in existence

97

What are three examples of Standing Committees?

1. Ag committee
2. Armed services committee
3. Vet's affairs committee

98

What are the Select committees?

Temporary committees that meet for a specific purpose (usually involving an investigation)

99

What are Joint Committees?

Committee rage has Members of both houses (Senate and H.R.) and usually involves an investigation

100

What are the Conference Committees?

Committees having members from both houses that draft a compromise bill that will be accepted by both houses of Congress

101

What is a bill?

Proposed law

102

What is joint-resolution?

When a bill is not a law, but it has the temporary force of law

103

What is Concurrent-resolution?

A dealing with something where the House and Senate MUST act together (makes a statement)

104

What is Simple-resolution?

1 particular house of Congress deals with a rule or a procedure

105

What is a Rider?

Provision that will not pass on its own, so it's attached to a major piece if legislation.

106

What is the First Reading?

Where a bill is introduced, numbered, titled, and a brief summary is given. It's entered into the Congressional journal and sent to a committee

107

What are the 5 different things a committee can do during the first reading?

1. Report the bill favorable
2. Refuse to report on the bill (pigeonhole)
3. Report the bill in an amended form
4. Report the bill unfavorable
5. Report a committee bill

108

What happens if Congress pigeonholes?

The bill dies- Congress does nothing with the bill

109

What way are most bills reported?

In an amended form

110

What does 'report a committee bill' mean?

Congress rewrites an entirely new bill, but it has the same concepts as before.

111

What happens during the 2nd reading?

Floor consideration

112

What is floor consideration?

Where the Committee of the whole (whole Senate or House) can discuss the bill

113

What happens on the 3rd reading?

The final product is produced and voted on

114

The president can do what with new bills?

1. Sign
2. Veto
3. Pocket Veto

115

What happens when the president signs a bill?

It becomes law

116

What percentage of Congress can override the President's veto?

2/3

117

What is a pocket veto?

If Congress adjourns 10 days after sending a bill to the president, and the president does nothing, the bill dies.

118

What unit of Congress has a time limit on debates?

The House

119

Which unit of Congress doesn't have a time limit on debates?

The Senate

120

What is a filibuster?

An attempt to "talk a bill to death"

121

What does a filibuster do?

Delays the bill

122

What can a Congressman not do when giving a filibuster?

Sit, lean, go to the bathroom, etc.

123

Who holds the record for the longest filibuster?

Storm Thurmond

124

How do you prevent filibusters?

Cloture Rule

125

What is the Cloture rule?

60 Senators must agree before the cloture rule can go into effect