Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (33):
What day was the Declaration of Independence approved?
July 4, 1776
What were 3 advantages that the British had over the Colonists?
A stronger military, greater wealth, and a larger population
What was another name for the Loyalists?
What percentage of colonists were loyalists?
Where was the strongest number of loyalists in the colonies?
The Cardinas and Georgia
What colony group had the smallest number of Loyalists?
What were Hessians?
They were mercenaries (hired soldiers)
What was the main goal for the Hessians?
To make money
What was the biggest advantage that the patriots had?
George Washington's leadership
What was Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley's nickname?
What was Nathan Hale famous for doing?
He spied on British troops disguised as a Dutch school teacher.
What was Nathan Hale's famous quote?
"I only regret that I have one life to lose for my country." (Delivered this as he was hanged)
By the end of the American Revolution, what was the only state to not have African Americans fighting?
What was the name of the surprise attack on Christmas 1776 where Washington crossed the Delaware River?
Battle of Trenton
Where was he American Capital during the American Revolution?
What battle was the turning point of the war?
The Battle of Saratoga
What battle helped secure the Wataugan presence in the Cumberland River area?
The Battle of the Bluffs
What was the biggest ally the Patriots had during the war?
Where did Washington's forces experience a time of terrible suffering without major necessities during the winter of 1777/1778?
Why was there very little fighting done in the winter?
Because weather conditions wouldn't allow it
Who drilled the troops at Valley Forge?
Friedrick Von Steuben
Who believed that the future of America had a great influence on the future of mankind?
Marquis de Lafayette
What was the importance of the Battle of Vincennes?
It allowed the Patriots to control the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers.
What were privateers?
Privately owned merchant war ships or the people who owned them
Who said "I have not yet begun to fight"
John Paul Jones
What was the Patriots worst defeat of the entire war?
The war at Charles Town SC.
What was Francis Marion's nickname?
The Swamp Fox
Where was General Washington leading his troops
Secretly to fight I The last major battle of the war?
The Battle of Yorktown
What is guerrilla warfare?
A hit and run war technique
Who were the 3 people sent from America to Paris to try and work out a treaty?
Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay
What treaty stated that Great Britain would withdraw all of their troops from America?
The Treaty of Paris 1783
What did Washington plan to do after the war?
He planned to retire back to his home at Mount Vernon.