Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

History > Chapter 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (31):
0

What day was the Declaration of Independence approved?

July 4th, 1776

1

What were 3 advantages that the British had over the Colonists?

Stronger military, greater wealth, and larger population.

2

What was another name for loyalists?

Tories

3

What percentage of Colonists were loyalists?

20%

4

Where was the strongest number of Loyalists in the colonies?

Caroline's and Georgia

5

What colony group had the smallest number of loyalists?

New England

6

What were Hessians?

Hessians were mercenaries(hired soldiers)

7

What was the main goal for Hessians?

To make money

8

What was the biggest advantage that the Patriots had?

The George Washington leadership

9

What was Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley’s nickname?

Molly pitcher

10

What was Nathan Hale famous for doing?

Spied on British troops

11

What was Nathan Hale’s famous quote?

I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.

12

By the end of the American Revolution, what was the only state to not have African Americans fighting?

South Carolina

13

What was the name of the surprise attack on Christmas 1776 where Washington crossed the Delaware River?

Hessians forces

14

Where was the American capital during the American Revolution?

Philadelphia

15

What battle was the turning point of the war?

The battle of Saratoga

16

What battle helped secure the Wataugan presence in the Cumberland River area?

Battle of the bluffs

17

What was the biggest ally the Patriots had during the war?

The French

18

Where did Washington’s forces experience a time of terrible suffering without major necessities during the winter
of 1777/1778?

Valley forge

19

Why was there very little fighting done during the winter?

Winter conditions wouldn't allow it

20

Who drilled the troops at Valley Forge?

Fredrich

21

Who believed that the future of America had a great influence on the future of mankind?

Marquis de Lafayette

22

What was the importance of the Battle of Vincennes?

It allowed the patriots to control the Mississippi and Ohio river.

23

What were privateers?

Privately owned merchant war ships

24

Who said, “I have not yet begun to fight”?

John Paul

25


Where was the Patriots’ worst defeat of the entire war?

Charlestow, sc

26

What was Francis Marion’s nickname?

Swamp fox

27

What is guerrilla warfare?

A hit and fun war technique

28

Where was General Washington leading his troops secretly to fight in the last major battle of the war?

Yorktown

29

Who were the 3 people sent from America to Paris to try and work out a treaty?

John Adams, Ben Franklinn, and Jon jay

30

What treaty stated that Great Britain would withdraw all of their troops from America?

Treaty of Paris