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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (33):
0

What day was the Declaration of Independence approved?

July 4th, 1776

1

What were 3 advantages that the British had over the Colonists?

Stronger military, greater wealth, and larger population

2

What was another name for loyalists?

Tories

3

What percentage of Colonists were loyalists?

20%

4

Where was the strongest number of Loyalists in the colonies?

Georgia and the Carolinas

5

What colony group had the smallest number of loyalists?

New England

6

What were Hessians?

Mercenaries from Germany hired by Great Britain to fight

7

What was the main goal for Hessians?

To make money

8

What was the biggest advantage that the Patriots had?

George Washington's leadership

9

What was Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley’s nickname?

Molly Pitcher

10

What was Nathan Hale famous for doing?

Spying on British troops disguised as a Dutch teacher

11

What was Nathan Hale’s famous quote?

"I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country."

12

By the end of the American Revolution, what was the only state to not have African Americans fighting?

South Carolina

13

What was the name of the surprise attack on Christmas 1776 where Washington crossed the Delaware River?

Battle of Trenton

14

Where was the American capital during the American Revolution?

Philadelphia

15

What battle was the turning point of the war?

The Battle of Saratoga

16

What battle helped secure the Wataugan presence in the Cumberland River area?

The Battle of the Bluffs

17

What was the biggest ally the Patriots had during the war?

The French

18

Where did Washington’s forces experience a time of terrible suffering without major necessities during the winter
of 1777/1778?

Valley Forge

19

Why was there very little fighting done during the winter?

Technology and resources was not advanced enough yet

20

Who drilled the troops at Valley Forge?

Friedrick Von Steuben

21

Who believed that the future of America had a great influence on the future of mankind?

Marquis De Lafayette

22

What was the importance of the Battle of Vincennes?

It allowed the Patriots to control the Mississippi and Ohio rivers

23

What were privateers?

People who owned merchant war ships

24

Who said, “I have not yet begun to fight”?

John Paul Jones

25

Where was the Patriots’ worst defeat of the entire war?

Charles Town, South Carolina

26

What was Francis Marion’s nickname?

Swamp Fox

27

What is guerrilla warfare?

A hit and run technique

28

Where was General Washington leading his troops secretly to fight in the last major battle of the war?

The Battle of Yorktown

29

Who were the 3 people sent from America to Paris to try and work out a treaty?

Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay

30

What treaty stated that Great Britain would withdraw all of their troops from America?

The Treaty of Paris

31

What did Washington plan to do after the war?

He planned to retire back to his home in Mount Vernon

32

Were other nations inspired by the result of the American Revolution?

Yes