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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (33):
0

Were other nations inspired by the result of the American Revolution?

Yes

1

What did Washington plan to do after the war?

To retire back to his home at Mount Vernon

2

What treaty stated that Great Britain would withdraw all of their troops from America?

Treaty of Paris 1783

3

Who were the 3 people sent from America to Paris to try and work out a treaty?

John Adams, John Jay, and Benjamin Franklin

4

Where was General Washington leading his troops secretly to fight in the last major battle of the war?

Yorktown

5

What is guerrilla warfare?

A hit and run war technique

6

What was Francis Marion’s nickname?

Swamp fox

7

What day was the Declaration of Independence approved?

July 4th 1776

8

What were 3 advantages that the British had over the Colonists?

Stronger military, greater wealth,larger population

9

What was another name for loyalists?

Tories

10

What percentage of Colonists were loyalists?

20%

11

Where was the strongest number of Loyalists in the colonies?

Carolinas and Georgia

12

What colony group had the smallest number of loyalists?

New England

13

What were Hessians?

Hired soldiers

14

What was the main goal for Hessians?

To make money

15

What was the biggest advantage that the Patriots had?

George Washington's leadership

16

What was Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley’s nickname?

Molly Pitcher

17

What was Nathan Hale famous for doing?

Spying on British troops disguised as a Dutch school teacher

18

What was Nathan Hale’s famous quote?

"I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country."

19

By the end of the American Revolution, what was the only state to not have African Americans fighting?

South Carolina

20

What was the name of the surprise attack on Christmas 1776 where Washington crossed the Delaware River?

Battle of Trenton

21

Where was the American capital during the American Revolution?

Philadelphia

22

What battle was the turning point of the war?

Battle of Saratoga

23

What battle helped secure the Wataugan presence in the Cumberland River area?

Battle of the Buffs

24

What was the biggest ally the Patriots had during the war?

French

25

Where did Washington’s forces experience a time of terrible suffering without major necessities during the winter
of 1777/1778?

Valley Forge

26

Why was there very little fighting done during the winter?

Weather conditions wouldn't allow it.

27

Who drilled the troops at Valley Forge?

Friedrich Von Steuben

28

Who believed that the future of America had a great influence on the future of mankind?

Marquis de Lafayette

29

What was the importance of the Battle of Vincennes?

It allowed the Patriots to control the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers

30

What were privateers?

Privately owned merchant war ships

31

Who said, “I have not yet begun to fight”?

John Paul Jones

32

Where was the Patriots’ worst defeat of the entire war?

Charles Town