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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (32):
0

What day was the Declaration of Independence approved?

July 4, 1776

1

What were 3 advantages that the British had over the Colonists?

Stronger military, greater wealth, larger population

2

What was another name for loyalists?

Tories

3

Where was the strongest number of Loyalists in the colonies?

Carolinas and Georgia

4

What colony group had the smallest number of loyalists?

New England

5

What were Hessians?

Hired soldiers

6

What was the main goal for Hessians?

To make money

7

What was the biggest advantage that the Patriots had?

George Washington's leadership

8

What was Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley’s nickname?

Molly Pitcher

9

What was Nathan Hale famous for doing?

Spying on British troops disguised a Dutch schoolteacher

10

What was Nathan Hale’s famous quote?

I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country

11

By the end of the American Revolution, what was the only state to not have African Americans fighting?

South Carolina

12

What was the name of the surprise attack on Christmas 1776 where Washington crossed the Delaware River?

Battle of Trenton

13

Where was the American capital during the American Revolution?

Philadelphia

14

What battle was the turning point of the war?

Battle of Saratoga

15

What battle helped secure the Wataugan presence in the Cumberland River area?

Battle of the Bluffs

16

What was the biggest ally the Patriots had during the war?

The French

17

Where did Washington’s forces experience a time of terrible suffering without major necessities during the winter
of 1777/1778?

Valley Forge

18

Why was there very little fighting done during the winter?

Because weather conditions would not allow it

19

Who drilled the troops at Valley Forge?

Friedrich Von Steuben

20

Who believed that the future of America had a great influence on the future of mankind?

Marquis de Lafayette

21

What was the importance of the Battle of Vincennes?

It allowed the patriots to control the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers

22

What were privateers?

Privately owned merchant war ships

23

Who said, “I have not yet begun to fight”?

John Paul Jones

24

Where was the Patriots’ worst defeat of the entire war?

Charles Town, SC

25

What was Francis Marion’s nickname?

Swamp Fox

26

What is guerrilla warfare?

A hit and run war technique

27

Where was General Washington leading his troops secretly to fight in the last major battle of the war?

Yorktown

28

Who were the 3 people sent from America to Paris to try and work out a treaty?

Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay

29

What treaty stated that Great Britain would withdraw all of their troops from America?

Treaty of Paris 1783

30

What did Washington plan to do after the war?

Planned to retire back to his home at Mount Veron

31

Were other nations inspired by the result of the American Revolution?

Yes