Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

8th History > Chapter 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (29):
1

What were 3 advantages that the British had over the Colonists?

Stronger military, greater wealth, larger population

2

What was another name for loyalists?

Tories

3

What percentage of Colonists were loyalists?

20%

4

What were Hessians?

Mercenaries (hired soilders)

5

What was the main goal for Hessians?

To make money

6

What was the biggest advantage that the Patriots had?

George Washington's leadership

7

What was significant about the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga?

It was a surprise attack that allowed to take much needed British cannons

8

By the end of the American Revolution, what was the only state to not have African Americans fighting?

South Carolina

9

What was the name of the surprise attack on Christmas 1776 where Washington crossed the Delaware River?

Battle of Trenton

10

What day was the Declaration of Independence approved?

July 4,1776

11

Where was the American capital during the American Revolution?

Philedelphia

12

Why was the Battle of Saratoga the turning point of the American Revolution?

France and Spain became allies of the colonies

13

What significant thing did James Robertson establish in modern day East Tennessee?

Watauga Settlement

14

What was the purpose of the Watauga Petitions of 1772?

For protection

15

What did the Watauga Petitions also help create west of the Appalachian Mountains?

Created the first stuctured government

16

Who helped create the Transylvania Purchase with the Cherokee?

Richard Henderson

17

Was everyone in the Cherokee Nation pleased with the Transylvania Purchase?

Not everyone

18

Why did Cherokee woman Nancy Ward warn the Wataugans of an impending Cherokee attack?

She wanted peace

19

What battle helped secure the Wataugan presence in the Cumberland River area?

The Battle of the Buffs

20

Who helped James Robertson create Fort Nashborough?

John Donelson

21

What was the biggest ally the Patriots had during the war?

The French

22

Where did Washington’s forces experience a time of terrible suffering without major necessities during the winter
of 1777/1778?

Winter at Valley Forge

23

Why was there very little fighting done during the winter?

Weather conditions didnt allow it

24

Who drilled the troops at Valley Forge?

Friedrich Von Steuben

25

What was important about Friedrich von Steuben’s time at Valley Forge?

He teached the Contiental army about the military drills and discipline

26

Who believed that the future of America had a great influence on the future of mankind?

Marquis de Lafayette

27

What did George Rogers Clark do after the Battle of Vincennes?

Helped strengthen the American position in the West

28

What were privateers?

Privately owned merchant warships

29

What was Francis Marion’s nickname?

Swamp Fox