Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (29):
What were 3 advantages that the British had over the Colonists?
Stronger military, greater wealth, larger population
What was another name for loyalists?
What percentage of Colonists were loyalists?
What were Hessians?
Mercenaries (hired soilders)
What was the main goal for Hessians?
To make money
What was the biggest advantage that the Patriots had?
George Washington's leadership
What was significant about the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga?
It was a surprise attack that allowed to take much needed British cannons
By the end of the American Revolution, what was the only state to not have African Americans fighting?
What was the name of the surprise attack on Christmas 1776 where Washington crossed the Delaware River?
Battle of Trenton
What day was the Declaration of Independence approved?
Where was the American capital during the American Revolution?
Why was the Battle of Saratoga the turning point of the American Revolution?
France and Spain became allies of the colonies
What significant thing did James Robertson establish in modern day East Tennessee?
What was the purpose of the Watauga Petitions of 1772?
What did the Watauga Petitions also help create west of the Appalachian Mountains?
Created the first stuctured government
Who helped create the Transylvania Purchase with the Cherokee?
Was everyone in the Cherokee Nation pleased with the Transylvania Purchase?
Why did Cherokee woman Nancy Ward warn the Wataugans of an impending Cherokee attack?
She wanted peace
What battle helped secure the Wataugan presence in the Cumberland River area?
The Battle of the Buffs
Who helped James Robertson create Fort Nashborough?
What was the biggest ally the Patriots had during the war?
Where did Washington’s forces experience a time of terrible suffering without major necessities during the winter
Winter at Valley Forge
Why was there very little fighting done during the winter?
Weather conditions didnt allow it
Who drilled the troops at Valley Forge?
Friedrich Von Steuben
What was important about Friedrich von Steuben’s time at Valley Forge?
He teached the Contiental army about the military drills and discipline
Who believed that the future of America had a great influence on the future of mankind?
Marquis de Lafayette
What did George Rogers Clark do after the Battle of Vincennes?
Helped strengthen the American position in the West
What were privateers?
Privately owned merchant warships