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Flashcards in chapter 6 Deck (16):
1

a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object

temperature

2

an increase in the size of a substance in response to an increase in the temperature of the substance

thermal expansion

3

the temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum (0 K on the Kelvin scale or -273.16 C on the Celsius scale)

absolute zero

4

the energy transferred between objects that are at different temperatures

heat

5

the kinetic energy of a substance's atoms

thermal energy

6

the transfer of energy as heat through a material

thermal conduction

7

a material through which energy can be transferred as heat

thermal conductor

8

a material that reduces or prevents the transfer of heat

thermal insulator

9

the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement of a liquid or gas

convection

10

the transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves

radiation

11

the quantity of heat required to raise a unit mass of homogeneous material 1 K or 1 C in a specified way given constant pressure and volume

specific heat

12

the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, and gas

states of matter

13

the change of a substance from one physical state to another

change of state

14

a substance that reduces the transfer of electricity, heat or sound.

insulation

15

a machine that transforms heat into mechanical energy, or work.

heat engine.

16

a temperature increase in a body of water that is caused by human activity and that has a harmful effect on water quality and on the ability of that body of water to support life

thermal pollution