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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (20):
1

Which reflects a basic ability available only to a formal operational thinker?
Answer

“Realistically speaking ...”

“Hypothetically speaking ...”

“Speaking from experience, I ...”

“Speaking on behalf of others, I ...”

Hypothetically speaking ...”

2

Working memory is best described as being
Answer

temporary and limited in capacity.

permanent and limited in capacity.

temporary and unlimited in capacity.

permanent and unlimited in capacity.

temporary and limited in capacity.

3

Which most accurately describes long-term memory?
Answer

temporary and limited capacity

permanent and limited capacity

temporary and unlimited capacity

permanent and unlimited capacity

permanent and unlimited capacity

4

When 80-year-old Marques is asked about his life, he is able to vividly recall his high school graduation party that occurred 60 years ago. Where was this information stored just before it was recalled by Marques?
Answer

sensory memory

working memory

short-term memory

long-term memory

long-term memory

5

During ____, information is always embellished.
Answer

rehearsal

elaboration

metacognition

combinatorial reasoning

elaboration

6

Metamemory is defined as an individual’s
Answer

intuitive understanding of memory.

level of semantic memory.

sensory memory speed.

short-term memory capacity.

intuitive understanding of memory.

7

When asked to describe his specialization, Oscar says, “I am mainly interested in developing ways of measuring intelligence and personality factors.” Given this description, Oscar is most likely a
Answer

classical conditioning theorist.

Freudian.

psychometrician.

social-learning theorist.

psychometrician

8

Who is best associated with a theory of “multiple intelligences” (i.e., existential intelligence, naturalistic intelligence)?
Answer

John Carroll

Alfred Binet

Howard Gardner

Jean Piaget

howard gardner

9

Although he has severely limited cognitive abilities, Leslie is an extremely talented pianist. Given this description, Leslie is best categorized as
Answer

learning disabled.

a savant.

dyslexic.

a divergent thinker.

a savant

10

The issue of novelty of thinking is best associated with _____ ability.
Answer

analytical

creative

practical

familial

creative

11

Binet and Simon developed the first objective intelligence test in order to
Answer

rank-order the intellectual capacities of different races.

identify children who would need special help in school.

help the military select soldiers for important tasks.

test their theory of intelligence.

identify children who would need special help in school

12

On modern tests of intelligence, IQ scores are determined
Answer

by comparing a child’s score with the average score of other children of the same age.

using the same IQ calculation as on the original Stanford-Binet exam.

based on a child’s gender and race.

by subtracting a child’s chronological age from their mental age.

y comparing a child’s score with the average score of other children of the same age

13

IQ scores are
Answer

good predictors of school success and occupational success.

good predictors of school success but bad predictors of occupational success.

bad predictors of school success but good predictors of occupational success.

poor predictors of school success and occupational success.

good predictors of school success and occupational success

14

Dr. Jourdan is devising an intelligence test containing items that relate to experiences common to all people around the world. Dr. Jourdan is most likely attempting to develop
Answer

a test of multiple intelligences.

an intelligence quotient.

a spatial intelligence test.

a culture-fair intelligence test.

a culture-fair intelligence test.

15

The term “stereotype threat” is best associated with the concept of
Answer

self-fulfilling prophecy.

convergent thinking.

cognitive dissonance.

obedience.

self-fulfilling prophecy.

16

Intelligence is to creativity as
Answer

convergent thinking is to divergent thinking.

componential is to contextual.

spatial intelligence is to musical intelligence.

universe is to stars.

convergent thinking is to divergent thinking.

17

A child with outstanding divergent thinking skills would definitely have a lot of
Answer

anxiety.

originality.

knowledge.

friends.

originality.

18


Which statement concerning the diagnosis of ADHD is true?
Answer

About 20% of school-age children are diagnosed with ADHD.

Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than girls.

Racial minority status is a good predictor of being diagnosed with ADHD.

Most children “outgrow” symptoms of ADHD.

Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than girls.

19

Which best exemplifies a test of divergent thinking?

isting the possible uses of a marshmallow (other than eating)

20

One myth concerning ADHD is that
Answer

it is typically “outgrown” in adolescence.

its symptoms can be treated using stimulants.

it can involve both hyperactivity and impulsivity.

it is currently significantly underdiagnosed.

it is typically “outgrown” in adolescence.