Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (13):
1

Innate Constraints

1. Whole-Object Assumption
2. Taxonomic Assumption
3. Basic Level Assumption
4. Mutual Exclusivity Assumption

2

Whole-Object Assumption

New names refer to entire objects

3

Taxonomic Assumptions

Speakers use words to categorize things

4

Basic-Level Assumption

Certain things are understood at a basic level
E.g. dog, cat

5

Mutual Exclusivity Assumption

An object has one and only one label
Hard to learn more than one label

6

Lexical Principles

Tier 1:
1. Reference
2. Extendability
3. Whole-Object Assumption
Tier 2:
1. Categorical Scope
2. N3C
3. Conventionality

7

Reference

Match words to attributions, objects and actions
RE: naming insight

8

Extendability

Words label more than the original referent

9

Object Scope

Words map to objects
RE: whole-object assumption

10

Categorical Scope

Words can be extended to objects in the same basic level category

11

N3C

Novel names map to unnamed categories
RE: mutual exclusivity

12

Conventionality

Speakers in a community prefer specific terms

13

Contrast

Assume that different lexical choices signal difference in meanings