Chapter 6 - A & P Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 - A & P Deck (56):
1

Define anatomy.

The study of human structures.

2

Define anatomy.

The study of human structures.

3

Define physiology.

The study of the function of organisms.

4

Midline

Splits body into two equal halves (nose to groin)

5

Proximal

Closer to the trunk

6

Distal

Away from the trunk

7

Medial

Toward the midline

8

Lateral

Away from the midline

9

Superior

Above

10

Inferior

Below

11

Dorsal

posterior

12

Posterior

Back

13

Anterior

Front

14

List the five body cavities

1. Cranial
2. Spinal
3. Thoracic
4. Abdominal
5. Pelvic

15

Main Organs in the right upper quadrant

Liver, kidney, colon, pancreas, gallbladder

16

Main organs of the left upper quadrant

Liver, spleen, kidney, stomach, colon, pancreas

17

Main organs of the right lower quadrant

Kidney, colon, sm intestine, femoral artery, ureter, appendix

18

Main organ of the left lower quadrant

kidney, colon, sm intestine, femoral artery, ureter

19

What is a body system?

A group of organs and structures working together to perform specific functions.

20

Function of the circulatory system?

Transport blood and other nutrients throughout the body.

21

Function of the respiratory system?

Bring oxygen into the body and eliminates carbon dioxide.

22

Function of the nervous system?

Regulate all body functions.

23

Function of the urinary system?

Removes wastes and toxins from the blood and excretes them.

24

Function of the endocrine system?

Produce chemical messengers in the body.

25

Function of the integumentary system?

Protects the body, retain fluids, and help prevent infection.

26

Functions of the skeletal system?

Provides support, attachment points for muscles, protects organs, stores minerals, and has cells that produce blood.

27

Function of the muscular system?

Allow movement, organ function.

28

Functions of the reproductive system?

Responsible for human reproduction.

29

Functions of the lymphatic system?

Removes extra fluid from tissues, absorbs and transports fats from circulatory system, transports immune cells.

30

Define physiology.

The study of the function of organisms.

31

Midline

Splits body into two equal halves (nose to groin)

32

Proximal

Closer to the trunk

33

Distal

Away from the trunk

34

Medial

Toward the midline

35

Lateral

Away from the midline

36

Superior

Above

37

Inferior

Below

38

Dorsal

posterior

39

Posterior

Back

40

Anterior

Front

41

List the five body cavities

1. Cranial
2. Spinal
3. Thoracic
4. Abdominal
5. Pelvic

42

Main Organs in the right upper quadrant

Liver, kidney, colon, pancreas, gallbladder

43

Main organs of the left upper quadrant

Liver, spleen, kidney, stomach, colon, pancreas

44

Main organs of the right lower quadrant

Kidney, colon, sm intestine, femoral artery, ureter, appendix

45

Main organ of the left lower quadrant

kidney, colon, sm intestine, femoral artery, ureter

46

What is a body system?

A group of organs and structures working together to perform specific functions.

47

Function of the circulatory system?

Transport blood and other nutrients throughout the body.

48

Function of the respiratory system?

Bring oxygen into the body and eliminates carbon dioxide.

49

Function of the nervous system?

Regulate all body functions.

50

Function of the urinary system?

Removes wastes and toxins from the blood and excretes them.

51

Function of the endocrine system?

Produce chemical messengers in the body.

52

Function of the integumentary system?

Protects the body, retain fluids, and help prevent infection.

53

Functions of the skeletal system?

Provides support, attachment points for muscles, protects organs, stores minerals, and has cells that produce blood.

54

Function of the muscular system?

Allow movement, organ function.

55

Functions of the reproductive system?

Responsible for human reproduction.

56

Functions of the lymphatic system?

Removes extra fluid from tissues, absorbs and transports fats from circulatory system, transports immune cells.