Chapter 6: Conception, Pregnancy, and Childbrith Flashcards Preview

Soc 160 > Chapter 6: Conception, Pregnancy, and Childbrith > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6: Conception, Pregnancy, and Childbrith Deck (34):
1

an enzyme secreted by the sperm that allows one sperm to penetrate the egg

Hyaluronidase

2

a fertilized egg

zygote

3

an organ formed on the wall of the uterus through which the fetus receives oxygen and nutrients and gets rid of waste products

placenta

4

a hormone secreted by the placenta; it is the hormone detected in pregnancy tests

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)

5

the tube that connects the fetus to the placenta

umbilical cord

6

the watery fluid surrounding a developing fetus in the uterus

amniotic fluid

7

delivery of a dead fetus, especially after the 28th week of gestation

stillbirth

8

excessive fluid retention and swelling

edema

9

a watery substance that is secreted from the breasts at the end of pregnancy and during the first few days after delivery

colostrum

10

contractions of the uterus during pregnancy that are not part of actual labor

Braxton-Hicks contractions

11

a substance that produces defects in a fetus

Teratogen

12

serious growth deficiency and malformations in the child of a mother who abuses alcohol during pregnancy

Fetal Alcohol Sydrome (FAS)

13

a thinning out of the cervix during labor

effacement

14

an opening up of the cervix during labor; also called dilatation

dilation

15

the beginning of labor, during which there are regular contractions of the uterus; the stage lasts until the cervix is dilated 8 centimeters (3 in)

first-stage labor

16

the difficult part of labor at the end of the first stage, during which the cervix dilates from 8 to 10 cm (3 to 4 in)

transition

17

the stage during which the baby moves out through the vagina and is delivered

second-stage labor

18

an incision made in the skin just behind the vagina, allowing the baby to be delivered more easily

episiotomy

19

the stage during which the afterbirth is expelled

third-stage labor

20

a method of delivering a baby surgically, by an incision in the abdomen

cesarean section (C-section)

21

a method of "prepared" childbirth involving relaxation and controlled breathing

Lamaze method

22

a woman having her first baby

Primipara

23

mild to moderate depression in women following the birth of a baby

postpartum depression

24

a pregnancy in which the fertilized egg implants somewhere other than the uterus

ectopic pregnancy

25

false pregnancy, in which the woman displays the signs of pregnancy but is not actually pregnant

pseudocyesis

26

a serious disease of pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, severe edema, and proteinuria

Preeclampsia

27

a test done to determine whether a fetus has birth defects; done by inserting a fine tube into the woman's abdomen in order to obtain a sample of amniotic fluid

Amniocentesis

28

a technique for prenatal diagnosis of birth defects, involving taking a sample of cells from the chorionic villus and analyzing them

Chorionic Villus Sampling

29

the termination of a pregnancy before the fetus is viable, as a result of natural causes (not medical intervention)

miscarriage

30

a woman's inability to conceive and give birth to a living child, or a man's inability to impregnate a woman

infertility

31

precedure in which sperm are placed into the vagina by means other than sexual intercourse

artificial insemination

32

a procedure in which an embryo is transferred from the uterus of one woman into the uterus of another

embryo transfer

33

a procedure in which an egg is fertilized by sperm in a laboratory dish

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

34

gamete intrafallopian transfer, a procedure in which sperm and eggs are collected and then inserted together into the fallopian tube

GIFT