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Flashcards in Chapter 6 concepts Deck (20):
1

Characteristics of infants and toddlers psychosocial development

1.infants are open to stimulation
2.can anticipate what is about to happen
3. play social games and try to get responses
4. intensely preoccupied with their main caregiver
5.explore their environment
6.sometimes become anxious by amount of time separated from caregiver

2

Anticipatory smiling

when infants smile at an object then gaze at an adult while continuing to smile

3

What are the 4 main emotions?

Fear, Happy, Sad, Happy

4

How and when does the sense of self arise?

usually between 4-10 months. When infants begin to perceive a difference between self and others.

5

you must have WHAT, in order to have self-conscious emotions?

Self- awareness

6

What are the self evaluative emotions?

Pride, shame, guilt

7

What is altruistic behavior?

acting out of concern with no expectation of reward

8

What is empathy?

the ability to imagine how other people might feel in a particular situation

9

What does empathy depend on?

Social cognition

10

what is social cognition?

understanding that other people have mental states and try to gauge or feel their intentions

11

What is temperament?

the 'how' of behavior

12

good-to-fit

appropriateness of environment demands and constraints to a child's temperament. Cant expect a difficult kid to sit still for long periods of time.

13

what are the 3 tempermental patterns according to the New York study?

Easy
Difficult
Slow-to-warm-up

14

What is gender-typing

the process by which children learn behavior that their culture considers appropriate for each sex.

15

What is the basic trust vs basic mistrust?

Erikson's first stage, in which infants develop a sense of reliability of people and objects.

16

avoidant attachment

when an infant rarely cries when separated from the primary caregiver and avoids contact on his or her return

17

ambivalent (resistant) attachment

when an infant becomes anxious before caregiver leaves, they are extremely upset during their absent.

18

What are 4 patterns of attachment?

secure attachment
avoidant attachment
ambivalent (resistant) attachment
disorganized-disoriented attachment

19

What Is mutual regulation?

When both the baby and caregiver can respond appropriately and sensitively to eachother's mental and emotional states

20

What is social referencing?

Seeking emotional information to guide behavior