Chapter 6 - Homer Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 - Homer Deck (18):
1

Homeric Question

name means "one who may not see" - who is/were homer?

2

Fredrich August Wolf

1795 - wrote into to HOmer - first to systematically answer Homeric Q
-used Jew bible, compared to Homeric poems, found 12 Greek dialects - concluded Homer was written by at least 2 people.

3

rhapsode

would sing official Homer with a special staff
Pisratis (510 BC) declared the official texts of Ilyad and Odyssey

4

Millman Perry

AMERICAN scholar in early 20th century before ww2, after ww1; looked @ dactylic hexameter; proved Guslari songs; died 1935

5

dactylic hexameter

basic foot = dactylic, hexameter = 6 ft; dactylic = long short short "staw-ber-ry"; Homeric dialect is made up to fit this

6

Guslari

poet singers in Yugoslavia - now Serbia, were illiterate; songs all had basic plot but new song each time; had accompanists - guslai;
-Homeric poems today are official text from Pisratis rulers

7

Aoidoi

if you were talented you got an apprenticeship, they sent you off into the world

8

Heinrich Schliemann

dug shit up on Homeric sites

9

shame culture

if you don't meet the standard (usually high) you're guilted into being better. Many times death is better than shame - Greeks in the Ilyad

10

Time

"honor" - thing you need to have a certain amount of or you're shamed and should die

11

geras

"reward" - what you get to gain to get more time

12

calypso

was a nymph; last person odysseus was with before he left for home
-gave him the proposition that he can go home to his wife or be her immortal husband

13

Phaeacia

island; fantasy world; where odysseus' stores take place, 1/3 of the Odyssey

14

Lotus eaters

like meth heads - eat weird fruit, forget everything else

15

cyclops

"circle face" 1 eyed giant, eats odysseus men.
-they got him drunk and said "I'm nobody", blind him and then when Cyclops' friend come to help he said " nobody did this to me" and escape.

16

Circe

Turns odysses men into pigs; Odysseus threatens to attack her, so she offers him to bed, frees his men and stays with her for a year

17

Sirens

3 singing women, entrance sailors, causing them to crash their ships
-Odysseus had his men cover their ears, tie him down and sail over so he could see them

18

xenia

guest friendship, very welcoming to strangers, drink with them
-Odyssey is about how important xenia is and what happens if you don't follow it