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Flashcards in Chapter 6 MC Deck (21):
1

Which of these statements most accurately reflects one of Horney's neurotic needs?
a. "I need an emotionally strong person to tell my troubles."
b. "it's okay with me if someone else is the life of the party."
c. "I feel comfortable whenever I'm in an emotionally close relationship."
d. "It's easy for me to accept my own mistakes and personal flaws."

a

2

Horney believed that most neuroses are the result of
a. unhealthy interpersonal relations.
b. an unresolved Oedipus complex.
c. unwise parenting.
d. underdeveloped ego strength.

a

3

The life of Horney has several parallels to that of _____; for example, both were the youngest children of older fathers, and both had older siblings who were favored by the parents.
a. Carl Jung
b. Alfred Adler
c. Margaret Mahler
d. Melanie Klein

d

4

Horney's early professional writings were strongly influenced by
a. Freud.
b. Adler.
c. Jung.
d. Sullivan.

a

5

Horney criticized psychoanalysis for its
a. concept of feminine psychology.
b. overemphasis on clinical research.
c. underemphasis on clinical research.
d. concept of the three levels of mental life.

a

6

Horney believed that cultural conditions are largely responsible for the development of
a. basic trust.
b. basic mistrust.
c. basic anxiety.
d. basic psychoses.

c

7

According to Horney, people are ruled by safety and
a. sex.
b. fear.
c. satisfaction.
d. anxiety.

c

8

Horney believed that a competitive and hostile society encourages
a. hatred.
b. love.
c. isolation.
d. superiority and success.

c

9

Horney believed that people overvalue love as a means of satisfying the need for _____.
a. self-esteem
b. competence
c. superiority
d. affection

d

10

According to Horney, most neurotic individuals
a. are no longer motivated to find love.
b. seek love in a self-defeating fashion.
c. experience decreases in hostility.
d. develop enhanced self-esteem through their search for love.

b

11

Horney defined basic anxiety as a feeling of being
a. separated from the mothering one.
b. isolated and helpless in a potentially hostile world.
c. threatened by one's enemies.
d. incompetent in a world where others appear to be competent.

b

12

Horney believed that modern society is too
a. liberal.
b. conservative.
c. dangerous.
d. competitive.

d

13

According to Horney, neurotic behavior is a protection against
a. feelings of inferiority.
b. basic anxiety.
c. public disgrace.
d. exaggerated guilt.

b

14

Which of these is NOT one of Horney's three neurotic trends?
a. moving against people
b. moving away from people
c. moving with people
d. moving toward people

c

15

Children who feel isolated from others are likely to develop the neurotic trend of moving
a. away from others.
b. with others.
c. against others.
d. toward others.

a

16

The compliant person is most likely to adopt the neurotic trend of
a. moving toward people.
b. moving with people.
c. moving against people.
d. moving away from people.

a

17

Each neurotic trend has a normal, healthy analog. A friendly, loving person has successfully solved the trend of moving
a. against others.
b. toward others.
c. with others.
d. away from others.

b

18

Horney regarded the idealized self-image and self-hatred as
a. interpersonal conflicts.
b. psychosexual conflicts.
c. psychosocial conflicts.
d. intrapsychic conflicts.
e. principal ingredients in the syndrome of decay.

d

19

Contrary to Freud, Horney held that the Oedipus complex is
a. universal.
b. found only in males.
c. found only in females.
d. the result of anatomy.
e. the result of cultural factors.

e

20

The ultimate goal of Horneyian therapy is
a. the elimination of basic anxiety.
b. the solution of basic conflicts.
c. the recovery of unconscious instincts.
d. growth toward self-realization.
e. the solution of day-to-day problems.

d

21

Ashley feels alienated from her femininity and wishes that she were a man. Horney would say that Ashley's desires originate from
a. her experiences with cultural privileges for men.
b. penis envy.
c. oedipal strivings.
d. lack of a close relationship with her mother.

a