Chapter 6 - Nondemocratic Regimes (Authoritarian Regimes) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 - Nondemocratic Regimes (Authoritarian Regimes) Deck (17):
1

Authoritarianism

Overarching term for nondemocratic rule. The denial of citizens' participation, competition, and liberty.

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Nondemocratic Regime

Political regime controlled by a small group of individuals who exercise power over the state without being constitutionally responsible to the public.

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Totalitarianism

Form of nondemocratic rule with a highly centralized state whose regime has a well-defined ideology and seeks to transform and fuse the institutions of state, society, and the economy. Uses power to transform the total institutional fabric of a country to meet an ideological goal. Terror necessary to destroy any obstacle to change.

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Sources of nondemocratic rule

Modernization (creates instability), Elites (Don't give up power), Society (Lack of civil society), International Relations (Cold War), Culture (Confucius vs Protestantism),

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Populism

View that elites establish institutions not representative of the will of the people. Thus, a charismatic leader ushers in a new order. Assumes that population must take back the state.

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Nondemocratic means of Political Control

Coercion and Surveillance, Co-optation (Corporatism and Clientelism), Personality Cults (Ceausescu)

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Co-optation

Process by which individuals outside and organization are brought into a beneficial relationship with it.

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Corporatism

Attempt to solidify control over public by sanctioning a limited amount of organizations to represent the interests of the public and restricting those not approved. Each organization has monopoly over that area. Public given limited influence in policy while having voice heard. Regime given higher control.

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Clientelism

Co-opting of individuals giving benefits in return for support from the public. Like a contractor for votes.

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Kleptocracy

Rule by theft. Those in power seek only to drain the nation of resources for wealth and riches.

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Types of Nondemocratic Rule

5 of them.

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Monarchal/ Personal Rule

One person alone is fit to rule a nation. Relies on patrimonialism to keep personal followers in line. Public ruled through force

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Patrimonialism

Trading of political support and enforcement of the monarch's rule in exchange for benefits.

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Military

A military believes it, with a strong organizational structure, can rule a nation. Strong reliance on logic and rational authority. Strong bureaucracy.

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Bureaucratic Authoritarianism

State bureaucracy and military share belief that rational, objective, and technical expertise can can solve problems of the country in contrast to emotional or irrational politics. Democracy is an obstacle to effective and objective policy making.

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One Party Rule

One party dominates politics in a country. Many times their role is defined in the constitution of the nation and impossible to bring down. Other parties may exist but are limited by the dominating party.

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Theocracy

Religion. Religious texts or divine will used to legitimize government.