Chapter 6 part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 part 2 Deck (26):
1

Diana Baumrind described three parenting styles. A fourth was added later by other theorists. What is this fourth type called?
a. the uninvolved parent
b. the disengaged parent
c. the authoritarian parent
d. the permissive parent

a. the uninvolved parent

2

Which type of parents are strong on obligations and responsibilities but weak on recognizing children’s individuality?
a. authoritarian parents
b. permissive parents
c. authoritative parents
d. punitive parents

a. authoritarian parents

3

What often happens to children who grow up in authoritarian families?
a. They become more responsible adults because standards are clear.
b. They experience both high expectations and regard for their wishes.
c. They are much less likely to be spanked because they are obedient.
d. They may become submissive or defiant and rebellious.

d. They may become submissive or defiant and rebellious.

4

Caitlyn’s parents encourage her to make her own decisions and to express her individual personality. They set few rules and expect her to do little to help around the house, unless she wants to. What parenting style are they using?
a. authoritative
b. permissive
c. caring
d. lackadaisical

b. permissive

5

How are children with authoritative parents often described?
a. as defiant and rebellious
b. as selfish and undisciplined
c. as competent and friendly
d. as detached and submissive

c. as competent and friendly

6

Emma’s parents are authoritative. According to the text, which of the following is probably most typical of their parenting?
a. They emphasize Emma’s responsibilities, but let her make few decisions.
b. They feel that Emma should make her own decisions, even if they are inconvenient.
c. They have high expectations for Emma, and allow no excuses if she fails to achieve them.
d. They have high expectations for Emma, but respect her as an individual.

d. They have high expectations for Emma, but respect her as an individual.

7

Which type of parents are cold and distant?
a. authoritarian
b. uninvolved
c. disengaged
d. permissive

b. uninvolved

8

What has research shown about spanking?
a. It is prIt is probably more effective than nonviolent forms of discipline in changing children’s behaviour.
b. It is prIt is probably less effective than nonviolent forms of discipline in changing children’s behaviour.
c. It is prIt is probably just as effective as nonviolent forms of discipline in changing children’s behaviour.

b. It is prIt is probably less effective than nonviolent forms of discipline in changing children’s behaviour.

9

According to one Canadian study, which of the following was more at risk of parental psychological violence than were children from separated families?
a. children of teenage mothers
b. children of cohabiting parents with low levels of conflict
c. children from two-parent families with high levels of conflict
d. children who were adopted

c. children from two-parent families with high levels of conflict

10

How do family stories help socialize children?
a. by emphasizing family values
b. by teaching them the correct way to do things
c. by making children believe that their family is the best
d. by weaving families and kin together

a. by emphasizing family values

11

Though sociologists fear family time is decreasing, which of the following might be the result?
a. It may lead to better outcomes for children from conflict-ridden families.
b. The extended family will still be involved in recreational activities and routine care.
c. Schools will take over many of the primary socialization tasks.
d. Shared activities such as playing and teaching will increase.

d. Shared activities such as playing and teaching will increase.

12

How did one study find that children living in affluent neighbourhoods scored on tests of school readiness compared with children living in poorer areas?
a. Children living in affluent neighbourhoods scored lower.
b. Children living in affluent neighbourhoods scored the same.
c. Children living in affluent neighbourhoods scored higher.
d. There was no relationship between neighbourhood and school readiness.

c. Children living in affluent neighbourhoods scored higher.

13

According to the text, which of the following is true for the preschool children of parents who have a lower educational level?
a. They are more likely to learn to go online at an earlier age.
b. They watch more entertainment programs on television.
c. They are more likely to have enrichment opportunities such as day camp.
d. They go to library story time more frequently.

b. They watch more entertainment programs on television.

14

What did a recent survey find about Quebec parents compared with those in other provinces?
a. Quebec parents are less likely to spank their children as a form of discipline.
b. Quebec parents are more likely to believe that using flash cards will make babies smarter.
c. Quebec parents are less likely to encourage children’s in-group ties.
d. Quebec parents are more likely to restrict children’s contact with friends.

a. Quebec parents are less likely to spank their children as a form of discipline.

15

According to the text, although Aboriginal families across Canada are a diverse population what do they tend to value?
a. nature and animals
b. respect for elders and nature
c. independence and spontaneity
d. interdependence of all life and spirituality

d. interdependence of all life and spirituality

16

In the past, what was done by residential schools set up to educate Aboriginal children?
a. taught children to appreciate their parents’ values
b. encouraged the learning of Aboriginal languages
c. undermined Aboriginal language and culture
d. showed them how to live off the land

c. undermined Aboriginal language and culture

17

Which of the following is helping to re-create family health in Aboriginal communities?
a. the growth of a new Aboriginal awareness
b. the expansion of the residential school system
c. the compensation given for the disruption of families and traditions
d. the belief that children are gifts from the spirit world

a. the growth of a new Aboriginal awareness

18

Which of the following is typically true of immigrant parents?
a. They are more aware and tolerant of cultural diversity.
b. They hold the same expectations of their children than Canadian-born parents do.
c. They hold different expectations of their children than Canadian-born parents do.
d. They are less concerned about what other people will say about their parenting.

c. They hold different expectations of their children than Canadian-born parents do.

19

According to the text, how does the sibling relationship differ from peer relationships?
a. It is affectionate.
b. It is voluntary.
c. It is authoritative.
d. It is ascribed.

d. It is ascribed.

20

According to people who study birth-order effects, which of the following do middle children often do?
a. act as mediators
b. use charm to get what they want
c. associate more with adults
d. try to copy the eldest

a. act as mediators

21

Children without siblings have many of the characteristics of which child with siblings?
a. the youngest
b. the middle
c. the oldest
d. the third

c. the oldest

22

Amanda is trying to copy the way her older sister, Julia, acts around boys. What is Julia in this scenario?
a. an advisor for Amanda
b. a role model for Amanda
c. an angry rival for Amanda
d. a role usurper for Amanda

b. a role model for Amanda

23

What does affection between brothers and sisters usually depend on?
a. access to each other
b. plotting against parents
c. payoffs for not tattling
d. the difference in their ages

a. access to each other

24

Which term refers to a child, usually the oldest, who takes on the role of an absent parent?
a. surrogate mother
b. replacement parent
c. parentified child
d. replacement father

c. parentified child

25

What have studies of children in large families found?
a. The children have better language development because there are many people to talk to.
b. The children often live in neighbourhoods with good role models.
c. The children often have difficulties with academics and social interaction.
d. The children’s nutrition is better because their parents care more about what they eat.

c. The children often have difficulties with academics and social interaction.

26

As families become smaller, which of the following might be one effect?
a. Parents will spend less time socializing their children.
b. Schools will take on more of the primary socialization tasks.
c. Sibling rivalry will increase dramatically.
d. Peers may become more influential in socialization.

d. Peers may become more influential in socialization.