Chapter 6- Sources Of The British Constitution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6- Sources Of The British Constitution Deck (12):
1

Common Law

Judge-made law. Eg Rights of homeowners to tackle intruders. Guide to future lawmakers.

2

Royal Preogative

Powers exercised in the name of the Crown by PM and government ministers.

3

Royal Prerogative powers include the right to

• Give royal assent to legislation
• Declare war/negotiate treaties
• Appoint ministers

4

Royal Prerogative limited by

Fixed Term Parliament act (2011) took away right to dissolve parliament

5

Conventions

Rules/norms, unrecorded but followed from past experience

6

Salisbury Convention

HoL should not vote down or wreck bills HoC sends through. Recognised in 1940s.

7

Authoritative works

Established political/legal texts. Have no legal authority- 'guides'.

8

European Union Law

1973- UK became a member of EEC. Renamed European Community, then EU. Certain EU legislature Uk has to adopt- eg Human Rights Act.

9

Statute law

Law created by parliament- approved by HoC and HoL.

10

Name 3 EGs of Conventions

Queen approving legislature, not vetoing. Brown: vote before war. Salisbury Convention.

11

Give an example of an Authoritative work

Erskine May's 'Treatise of the Law, Privileges, Proceedings and Usage of Parliament'- regarded as the Bible of parliamentary practice.

12

Give two examples of Statute Law

Magna Carta (1215), Great Reform Act (1832) & European Communities Act- when UK joined the EEC (1972)

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