Chapter 6: The Lympahtic And Immune System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6: The Lympahtic And Immune System Deck (37):
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Commonly known as AIDS, most advanced and fatal stage of HIV

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

1

Substance that produces an allergic reaction in an individual

Allergen

2

also known as anaphylactic shock, a severe response to an allergen

Anaphylaxis

3

Any substance that the body regards as being foreign and includes viruses, bacteria, toxins, and transplanted tissues

Antigen

4

Used to treat viral infections or to provide temporary immunity

Antiviral drug

5

Located under arm located in the area known as armpits

Axillary lymph nodes

6

Rod shaped spore forming bacteria

Bacilli

7

Use of radioactive materials in contact with or implanted into the tissues to be treated

Brachytherapy

8

A malignant tumor in its original position that has not yet disturbed or invaded the surrounding tissues

Carcinoma

9

Member of the herpesvirus family that cause a variety of diseases

Cytomegalovirus

10

Medication that kills or damages cells

Cytotoxic drug

11

Acronym for enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, blood test used to screen for presence of HIV antibodies

ELISA

12

Also known as shingles, acute viral infection characterized by painful skim eruptions that follow the underlying route of an inflamed nerve

Herpes zoster

13

Also known as Hodgkin's disease, distinguished from other lymphomas by the presence of large, cancerous lymphocytes known as Reed-Sternburg cells

Hodgkin's lymphoma

14

Commonly known as HIV, bloodborne infection in which the virus damage or kills the cells of the immune system causing it to progressively fail

Human immunodeficiency virus

15

Occurs when immune system response is compromised

Immunodeficiency disorder

16

A substance that prevents or reduces the body's normal immune response

Immunosuppressant

17

Also known as mono, caused by the Epstein Barr virus

Infectious mononucleosis

18

Located in the inguinal (groin) area of the lower abdomen

Inguinal lymph nodes

19

Family of proteins produced by T cells whose speciality is fighting viruses by slowing or stopping their multiplication

Interferon

20

An example of an opportunistic infection that is frequently associated with HIV

Kaposi's sarcoma

21

White blood cells that are formed in bone marrow as stem cells

Lymphocytes

22

General term applied to malignancies affecting lymphoid tissues

Lymphomas

23

Type of white blood cell that surrounds and kills invading cells

Macrophages

24

Process by which cancer spreads from one place to another

Metastasize

25

Benign tumor made up of muscle tissue

Myoma

26

Malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue

Myosarcoma

27

Term used to describe all lymphomas other than Hodgkin's lymphoma

Non Hodgkin's lymphoma

28

Study of the prevention, causes, and treatment of rumors and cancer

Oncology

29

Malignant tumor usually involving the upper shaft of long bones, the pelvis or knee

Osteosarcoma

30

Plant or animal that lives on, or within, another living organism

Parasite

31

Microorganism that causes a disease in humans

Pathogens

32

Large white blood cell that can destroy substances such as cell debris, dust, pollen and pathogens by the process of phagocytosis

Phagocyte

33

Acute viral infection that is most commonly transmitted to humans by the bite or saliva of an infected animal

Rabies

34

Malignant tumor of the tissue surrounding a synovial joint

Sarcoma

35

Spiral shaped bacteria that have flexible walls and are capable of movement

Spirochetes

36

Also known as warts, are small hard skin lesions caused by the human papilloma virus

Verrucae