Chapter 6 The Lymphatic and Immune Systems Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 6 The Lymphatic and Immune Systems > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 The Lymphatic and Immune Systems Deck (108):
0

Adenoid/o

Adenoids

1

An-
Ana-

Up, apart, backward, excessive

2

Anti-

Against

3

Bacteri/o

Bacteria

4

Brachy-

Short

5

Carcin/o

Cancerous

6

Cyt/o
-cyte

Cell

7

Edem-
Edemat/o

Swelling, fluid, tumor

8

Fer/o

Bear, carry

9

Fung/I

Fungus

10

Gen-
Gen/o
-gen

Producing, forming

11

Globin/o
-globulin

Protein

12

Immun/o

Immune, protection, safe

13

Inter-

Between, among

14

-ize

To make, to treat

15

Lymph/o

Lymph, lymphatic tissue

16

Lymphaden/o

Lymph node or gland

17

Lymphangi/o

Lymph vessel

18

Mamm/o

Breast

19

Mega-
Megal/o

Large, great

20

Meta-

Change, beyond, subsequent to, behind, after, or next

21

Neo-
Ne/o

New, strange

22

-Oma

Tumor, neoplasm

23

Onc/o

Tumor

24

Phag/o

Eat, swallow

25

-phylactic
-phylaxis

Protective, preventive

26

-plasm

Formative material of cells

27

Sarc/o

Flesh, connective tissue

28

Splen/o

Spleen

29

-stasis
-static

Control, maintenance of a constant level

30

Suppresso/o

Press down

31

Tele/o

Distant, far

32

Therap/o
Therapeut/o

Treatment

33

Thym/o

Thymus gland

34

-tic

Pertaining to

35

Tonsill/o

Tonsil, throat

36

Tox/o

Poison, poisonous

37

Antibody

Disease fighting protein created by immune system in response to presence of a specific antigen

38

Antigen

Any substance the body regards as foreign

39

Antigen-antibody reaction

Binding antigens to antibodies
Labels potentially dangerous antigen so it can be recognized and destroyed by other cells of the immune system

40

Macrophage

Type of leukocyte that surrounds and kills invading cells

41

Lymphadenitis

Know as swollen glands
Inflammation of lymph nodes

42

Lymphadenopathy

Any disease process addicting a lymph node

43

Lymphangioma

Benign tumor formed by abnormal collection of lymphatic vessels due to a congenital malformation of the lymphatic system

44

Splenomegaly

Abnormal enlargement of the spleen; can be caused by bleeding, infection, or abnormal functioning of the immune system

45

Lymphoscintigraphy

Diagnostic test performed to detect damage or malformations of the lymphatic vessels

46

Lymphedema

Swelling of tissues due to an abnormal accumulation of lymph fluid within the tissues

47

Bioimpedance spectroscopy

Noninvasive method of diagnosing lymphedema: measures resistance to an electrical current passed through the electrical current

48

Allergen

Substances that produces an allergic reaction in an individual

49

Anaphylaxis

Severe response to an allergen

50

Autoimmune disorder

Any disease characterized by a condition in which the immune system produces antibodies against its own tissues

51

Immunodeficiency disorder

Occurs when immune system is compromised

52

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Blood borne injection in which virus kills T cells, causing immune system to progressively fail

53

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

Most advanced and fatal stage of an HIV infection

54

Opportunistic infections

Caused by a pathogen that does not normally produce illness in humans; due to weakened immune system

55

Immunotherapy

Disease treatment that involves either stimulating or repressing immune response

56

Cytoxic drugs

Medication that kills or damages cells

57

Bacteria

One called microscopic organism; most not harmful to humans

58

Bacilli

Rod shaped Spore forming bacteria

59

Anthrax

Contagious disease that can be transmitted through infected livestock or grown in laboratories for chemical warfare

60

Rickettsia

Small bacterium that lives in lice, fleas, ticks, and mites; causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever

61

Spirochete

Long, slender spiral shaped bacteria that have flexible walls and are capable of movement

62

Lyme disease

Caused by spirochete; transmitted by bite of a deer tick and asserts joints, heart, and nervous system

63

Staphylcocci

Bacteria that forms irregular groups or clusters resembling grapes

64

Streptococci

Bacteria that form a chain; can cause strep throat or meningitis

65

Parasites

Plant or animal that lives on or within another living organism at the expense of that organism

66

Rabies

Acute viral infection transmitted to humans through bite of an infected animal; treatment required immediately; symptoms develop in 30-90 days; almost always fatal after symptoms develop

67

Malaria

Caused by parasite living in Mosquitos; symptoms such as fever, chills, headache, muscle ache, and tiredness appear in 1-4 weeks

68

Toxoplasmosis

Parasite transmitted from pets to humans through feces; causes microcephalus and hydrocephalus in fetuses in pregnant women

69

Candidiasis

Aka yeast infection
Occur on skin or mucous membranes such as vagina/mouth and is caused by yeast

70

Rubella

Viral infection characterized by fever, swollen glands, inflamed eyes, and fine pink rash

71

Cytomegalovirus

Present as silent infection that causes symptoms when immune system is weakened

72

Varicella

Chicken pox caused by herpes virus; highly contagious; rash considering of itchy fluid filled blisters

73

Herpes zoster

Shingles; painful skin eruptions they follow route of inflamed nerve; occurs when dormant varicella is activated later in life

74

Infectious mononucleosis

Caused by Epstein Barr virus; fever, sore throat, enlarged lymph nodes

75

Antibiotics

Medications capable of inhibiting growth or killing pathogenic bacterial micro organisms

76

Angiogenesis

Tumor supports itself by creating its own blood supply

77

Adjuvant therapy

Agent that increases effectiveness of a drug

78

Brachytherapy

Use of radioactive materials in contact with or implanted into the tissues to be treated

79

Teletherapy

Radiation therapy administered at a distance from the body

80

Antifungal

Agent that destroys or inhibits growth of fungi

81

Antiangiogenesis

Form of treatment that disrupts blood supply to a tumor

82

Metastasize

Process by which cancer spreads from one place to another

83

Metastasis MET

New cancer site that results from the spreading process

84

Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus
MRSA

First symptom is small red bumps with black top
Serious, difficult to treat, often fatal

85

Systemic reaction

Aka anaphylaxis
Severe response to allergen

86

Sarcoma

Malignant tumor that arises from connective tissues

87

Osteosarcoma

Arises from bone or cartilage

88

Carcinoma

Malignant tumor that occurs in epithelial tissue

89

Carcinoma in situ

Malignant tumor in its original position that has not yet disturbed or invaded surrounding tissues

90

Lymphoma

General term applied to malignancies affecting lymphoid tissues

91

Hodgkin's lymphoma

Distinguished by presence of large cancerous lymphocytes

92

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

All other lymphomas

93

Mastectomy

surgical removal of entire breast and nipple

94

Myoma

Benign tumor made of muscle tissue

95

Myosarcoma

Malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue

96

ELISA

Blood test used to screen for presence of HIV antibodies

97

Immunoglobulins

Bind with specific antigens in antibody--antigen response

98

Immunosuppressant

Prevents or reduces normal immune response

99

Complement system

Group of proteins that circulate in blood in an inactive form

100

Ductal carcinoma in situ

Breast cancer at earliest stage before cancer breaks through milk duct

101

Infiltrating ductal carcinoma

Starts in milk duct and break through walls of duct to invade fatty tissue

Majority of breast cancer

102

Infiltrating lobular carcinoma

Cancer that starts in milk glands and breaks through wall of gland to infect fatty tissue

103

Inflammatory breast cancer

Rare but aggressive, detected only by MRI

104

Mammography

Radiographic exam of breasts to detect presence of rumors

105

Lumpectomy

Surgical removal of only the cancerous tissue

106

Cytokines

Released by T cells that begin immune response

107

Hemolytic

Spleen has hemolytic function to destroy worn out Erythrocytes