Chapter 6 vocabulary (full terms) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 vocabulary (full terms) Deck (106):
1

acetabulum

Hip bone socket; head of femur fits in

2

Achondroplasia

defect in formation of cartilage

3

acroarthritis

inflammation of joints of the hands or feet

4

acromion

Forms the point of the shoulder, articulates with clavicle

5

Ankylosis

Abnormal condition of stiffening of a joint

6

Arthralgia

Joint pain

7

Arthritis

Joint inflammation

8

Arthrocentesis

Surgical procedure to remove joint fluid

9

Arthroplasty

Surgical procedure to repair a joint

10

Arthroscope

Surgical instrument to examine interior of a joint

11

bursa

pad-like sac between muscles, tendons, and bones

12

bursitis

inflammation of bursa

13

calcaneal

pertaining to the heel bone

14

carpal

pertaining to wrist bones

15

carpal tunnel syndrome

abnormal condition caused by compression of median nerve by the carpal ligament

16

chondral

pertaining to cartilage

17

chondrocostal

pertaining to rib cartilage

18

clavicular

pertaining to the clavicle

19

coccygeal

pertaining to the coccyx

20

coccygodynia

pain in the coccyx

21

collagen

fibrous protein found in connective tissue, skin, ligaments, cartilage

22

costal

pertaining to rib

23

costosternal

pertaining to a rib and the sternum

24

craniectomy

surgical excision of a portion of the skull

25

craniotomy

surgical incision made into the skull

26

dactylic

pertaining to the finger or toe

27

dactylogram

fingerprint

28

femoral

pertaining to the femur (thigh bone)

29

fibular

pertaining to the fibula

30

genu valgum

medical term for knock-knee

31

genu varum

medical term for bowleg

32

gout

form of acute arthritis, marked by joint inflammation. caused by excessive uric acid in the blood.

33

hallux

medical term for big toe

34

hammertoe

acquired flexion deformity of the interphalangeal joint

35

humeral

pertaining to the humerus

36

Joint classification (and example): Synarthrosis

Does not permit movement. Eg: skull

37

Joint classification (and example): Amphiarthrosis

Slight movement permitted. Eg: vertebra

38

Joint classification (and example): Diarthosis

Free movement permitted. Eg: knee, elbow, foot

39

hydrarthrosis

accumulation of watery fluid in the cavity of a joint

40

iliac

pertaining to the ilium

41

iliosacral

pertaining to the ilium and the sacrum

42

ischial

pertaining to the ischium, hip

43

ischialgia

pain in the ischium, hip

44

kyphosis

condition in which the thoracic curvature becomes exaggerated, producing a 'humpback' appearance

45

laminectomy

surgical excision of a vertebral posterior arch

46

ligament

band of fibrous tissue that connects bones, cartilages, and other structures

47

lordosis

an abnormal anterior curvature of the lumbar spine

48

lumbar

pertaining to the loins (lower back)

49

lumbodynia

pain in the loins (lower back)

50

mandibular

pertaining to the lower jawbone

51

maxillary

pertaining to the upper jawbone

52

meniscus

fibrocartilage found in certain joints (ex: knee)

53

metacarpals

pertaining to the bones of the hand

54

metacarpectomy

surgical excision of one or more bones of the hand

55

myelitis

inflammation of the bone marrow

56

myeloma

tumour of the bone marrow

57

myelopoiesis

formation of the bone marrow

58

olecranal

pertaining to the elbow

59

osteoarthritis

inflammation of the bone and joint

60

osteoblast

bone forming cell

61

osteocarcinoma

cancerous tumour of a bone

62

osteochondritis

inflammation of the bone and cartilage

63

osteogenesis

formation of bone

64

osteomalacia

softening of bones

65

osteomyelitis

inflammation of bone marrow

66

osteopenia

deficiency of bone tissue

67

osteoporosis

abnormal condition; marked by decrease in the density of bones

68

osteosarcoma

malignant tumour of the bone

69

osteotome

surgical instrument used for cutting bone

70

patellar

pertaining to the patella (kneecap)

71

pedal

pertaining to the foot

72

periosteoedema

swelling around the bone

73

phalangeal

pertaining to the bones of the fingers and toes

74

phosphorus

mineral that is essential in bone formation

75

polyarthritis

inflammation of more than one joint

76

rachigraph

instrument used to measure curvature of spine

77

radial

pertaining to the radius

78

radiograph

film or record on which x-ray image is produced

79

reduction

manipulative or surgical procedure used to correct a fracture or hernia

80

rheumatoid arthritis

chronic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of joints, stiffness, pain, and swelling

81

rickets

abnormal condition that can occur in children, caused by lack of vitamin D

82

scapular

pertaining to the shoulder blade

83

scoliosis

abnormal lateral curvature of the spine

84

spondylitis

inflammation of one or more vertebrae

85

spur

sharp or pointed projection, as on a bone

86

sternal

pertaining to the sternum

87

sternotomy

surgical incision of the sternum

88

subclavicular

pertaining to beneath the clavicle

89

subcostal

pertaining to beneath the ribs

90

submaxilla

below the jaw or mandible

91

symphysis

literally means growing together; a joint in which adjacent bony surfaces are united by fibrocartilage

92

tendonitis

inflammation of the tendon

93

tibial

pertaining to the tibia

94

ulnar

pertaining to the ulna

95

ulnocarpal

pertaining to the ulna side of the wrist

96

vertebral

pertaining to the vertebra

97

vertebrosternal

pertaining to the vertebra and sternum

98

xiphoid

literally means resembling a sword. xiphoid process is at the lowest portion of the sternum.

99

arthrography

diagnostic examination of a joint

100

arthroscopy

process of examining internal structures of a joint

101

dual-energy x-ray absorption scan

test used to measure bone mass or bone mineral density

102

goniometry

measurement of joint movements

103

photon absorptiometry

bone scan using radiation to measure bone mineral density and bone loss in lumbar vertebrae

104

thermography

process of recording heat patterns of body's surface

105

antinuclear antibodies

present in a variety of immunological diseases; indicative of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus etc.

106

serum rheumatoid factor

immunoglobulin present in serum of 50-95% of adults with rheumatoid arthritis

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