Chapter 6.1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6.1 Deck (24):
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information processing theory

structure for studying memory
that uses a computer as a model
of human cognitive process

1

encoding

transforming info into a form that can be stored in memory

2

storage

process of keeping&maintaing Info in memory

3

retrieval

process of bringing info to the mind that has been stored in the memory

4

memory

process of:
-encoding
-storage
-retrieval of information

5

sensory memory

memory system that holds info from the senses for about 1min to 2.

6

eidetic imagery

ability to retain an image of visual stimulus for several mins after it's be removed from sight.

*use retained image to answer ?'s about visual stimulus

7

short term memory

component of memory system

holds about 7( from 5 to 9) items less than 30 secs without rehearsal

*also called working mem.

8

Displacement

event that happens when short term memory is filled to it's capacity

-each new incoming item pushes out and existing item causing to forget it

9

chunking

memory strategy to (group/organize)
bits of info into large units to remember easier

10

rehearsal

act of purposely repeating info to maintain in short term memory

11

working memory

memory subsystem used to:
-understand info
-Remember info
-used to solve problems and communicate with people

12

maintenance rehearsal

repeating info multiple times until it's not needed ;may lead to storage of info into long term memory

13

elaborative rehearsal

memory strategy of relating new information to something that is already known

14

levels of processing model

memory model that describes
-maintenance rehearsal as "shallow" processing
-elaborative rehearsal as "deep"
processing

15

automaticity

ability to recall info from long term memory without effort

16

long term memory

memory system with unlimited capacity that contains a lot of storage of a persons permanent memories

17

declarative memory

subsystem within long term mem. stores:
-facts
-info
-personal life events

that can be brought to mind verbally or form of images and then declared /stated

18

episodic memory

type of declarative memory :
records events as they have subjectively been experienced

19

semantic memory

type of declarative memory:
stores general knowledge or objective facts and info.

20

nondeclarative memory

subsystem within long term memory that stores:
-motor skills
-habits
-simple classical responses

21

recall

memory task where a person produce required info by searching memory

22

retrieval cue

any stimulus or bit of info that helps retrieving specific info from long term memory

23

recognition

Memory task where a person must identify material as familiar or of having been encountered before