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Flashcards in chapter 7 Deck (29):
1

Eli Whitney

Inventor of the cotton gin,

2

Interchangeable parts

Parts that are exactly alike

3

Mass Production

The production of goods in large quantities

4

Industrial Revolution

Social and economic reorganization that took place as machines replaced hand tools and large scale factory production development

5

Samuel Slater

1793- British immigrant, in Rhode island - First successful mechanized textile factory in america

6

Cotton gin

Eli Whitney's invention

7

American System

Objective were to promote nationalism, make us self sufficient and economically strong

8

Erie Canal

362 miles, 8 years to dig, Connected the Hudson river with lake erie

9

Tariff of 1816

A protective tariff designed to aid american industries

10

Era of Good feelings

period of great nationalism

11

Interstate commerce

.first law allowing the United States government to regulate businesses

12

Gibbons Vs. Ogden

power to regulate interstate commerce was given to the congress

13

McCulloch Vs. Maryland

.The state of Maryland had attempted to impede operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks not chartered in Maryland.

14

Nationalism

the belief that national interests should be placed ahead of regional concerns or the interests of other countries

15

Adams-Onis Treaty

Spain ceded Florida to the US

16

Monroe Doctrine

Us would not involve itself in European affairs or interfere with existing colonies in the Western Hemisphere

17

Missouri Compromise

Series of agreements passed by congress in 1820-1821 to maintain the balance of power between slave states and free states

18

Andrew Jackson

John Q Adams' Chief political apponent

19

Spoils System

The practice of winning candidates rewarding their supporters with government jobs

20

Indian Removal Act

Law , Enacted in 1830 that forced Native American people east of the Mississippi to move to lands in the west

21

Worcester Vs. Georgia

something at the indians

22

Trail of Tears

The Cherokee buried more than a quarter of their people

23

John C. Calhoun

Jackson's Vice president of SC

24

Tariff of abominations

Colhoun's name for an 1828 tariff increase that seemed to southerners to be enriching the North at thier expense

25

Daniel Webster

Massachusetts Senator, Rose in senate and delivered one of the greatest speeches in American History

26

Whig Party

political party formed in 1834 to oppose the policies of Andrew Jackson

27

Panic of 1837

Bank closing and the collapse of the credit system cost people their savings , bankruped hundreds of businesses and put more than a third of the population out of work

28

William Henry Harrison

Candidate of the Whig Party

29

John Tyler

Harrison's Vice president and successor , opposed many parts of the whig program for economic recovery