Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (18):
1

Copernicus

-heliocentric solar system
-challenged Ptolemaic earth centered theory

2

brahe

collected a lot of data

3

kepler

used brahe's data to develop laws predicting elliptic orbits of planets
-3 planetary laws of motion

4

Galileo

invented telescope (prove heliocentric view) , law of inertia (resistance of object to motion), mathematical uniformity of motion

5

newton

invented calculus
-studied optics
-laws of gravity
-argued strongly of religion
-established royal society
-Newtonian universe

6

royal society

premier scientific organization in Europe

7

bacon

experiment!
-scientific method
-induction

8

descartes

-deduction
-"i think, therefore I am"
-go back to the drawing board/renounced all previous assumptions

9

pascal

combined reason and science with faith

10

harvey

blood circulation

11

bole

law of gases
-atoms instead of same components make up matter

12

Paracelsus

"like cures like"
-the poison that caused a disease would be its cure

13

vesalius

blood vessels organize from liver
corrected some of the old ideas, but kept most

14

spinoza

diesm

15

deism

god is not involved
-Newtonian universe

16

outcomes of scientific revolution

-new skepticism
-we can penetrate mysteries that surround us/new sense of mastery of our own fate
-idea of progress
-emphasis on manners
-weakening superstitions
-emphasis on education and research
-weakening of organized religion
-women becomes scientists and leaders (salons)

17

hobbes

-man is violent, people don't know
-they will destroy everything
-need government to control (unlimited)
-leviathan

18

locke

man is a blank slate
-human state is perfection
-government must cultivate human goodness
-rebellion necessary under bad rule
-constitutions
-life, liberty, property